Сибирь и Дальний Восток на новой инфраструктурной карте Евразии
In this research the two mechanisms of the FDI distribution in Russian food industry companies are discussed. We investigate regional characteristics and their spatial lags as determinants of the process. To test the influence of these determinants on the probability to have more than 10% of foreign capital in a company we estimate the hierarchical binary-choice models on a sample of Russian food industry companies (from RUSLANA database, on 2009). According to the results, the hierarchical diffusion of foreign investors is motivated by the seeking of local market and by seeking of the efficiency through lower transportation costs and better investment environment. The local resources in innovations are not significant on this level. When the investors develop new regions they take into account almost all the investigated regional characteristics.
This article considers the opportunities for Russia presented by the launch of China’s Silk Road Economic Belt initiative. This initiative is a comprehensive project for the rapid development of Central Asian countries, and not limited only to trans- port and logistics to guarantee the supply of Chinese goods to Europe. It is also China’s response to economic and political processes both within the country and in the Asia-Pacific region: the economic slowdown and transformation of its social and economic model, diverging income levels, the growing presence of the United States in Asia, and the new divisions of labour within the region. The Silk Road initiative is based on China’s intention to create strong regional value chains, to outsource labour-intensive and environmentally harmful production, to foster the development of northwest China including securing political stability in the Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Region, and to guarantee the use of Chinese construction firms’ capac- ity. Goods transit is a secondary priority and justified not by commercial benefits from using land routes, but by the need to diversify export risks, arising due to the deteriorating military and political situation in the South China Sea. The 2015 Joint Statement on Cooperation on the Construction of Joint Eurasian Economic Union and the Silk Road Economic Belt projects resolves the issue of allegedly competitive goals of these complementary projects. The Eurasian Economic Union (EEU) provides an institutional base for cooperation while the Silk Road initiative provide investments for their development. Russia may benefit from participating in the Silk Road initiative. First, it would help integrate its transportation system into the region’s logistics network and provide additional opportunities for transit and associated logistical services as well as access to growing regional markets. Second, the Silk Road initiative offers opportunities to strengthen industrial co- operation among neighbouring countries to develop new economic clusters. Third, the EEU and the Silk Road may become the basis for more ambitious cooperation in greater Eurasia, which may transform into a new centre of economic develop- ment at the global level.
The article analyses the international experience in the field of assessment transport projects impacts on regional development within the process of decision making concerning the distribution of state financing. The experience of state regulation of transport projects assessment practice in Russian Federation and worldwide is compared. Different types of economic models used for transport impact assessment are reviewed. Applicability of different approaches and models for wider economic benefits of transport assessment in Russian Federation is analyzed.
The problem of the ensuring safe production makes the analysis of the attracting foreign capital processes more important. In this research the two mechanisms of the FDI distribution in Russian food industry companies are discussed. The influence of regional characteristics and the spatial lags is investigated via estimating hierarchical binary-choice models (with logical complexification) on a sample of Russian food industry companies from RUSLANA database on 2009. According to the results, the main motives are seeking of local market, transport infrastructure and better investment environment. Subindusrtrial heterogeneity was also found, especially concerning to the resource-seeking motive.
This book contains a unique collection of studies on key economic and social policy challenges faced by countries of the Southern and Eastern Mediterranean region in a short- and long-term perspective. Prepared within the EU funded FP7 project on „Prospective Analysis for the Mediterranean Region (MEDPRO)” conducted in 2010-2013 it takes account on recent political developments in the region (Arab Spring) and their potential consequences. It covers a broad spectrum of topics such as factors of economic growth, macroeconomic and fiscal stability, trade and investment, Euro-Mediterranean and intra-regional economic integration, private sector development and privatizations, infrastructure, tourism, agriculture, financial sector development, poverty and inequality, education, labor market and gender issues.
In Russia, the question of development of transport infrastructure is the hot is-sue. It is not only a necessary requirement for innovation program of economic growth, created by the president, but also an improving the quality of life and competitiveness of national economy factor. Till now, no attempts were made to systemize and provide a clear and just classification of airports` infrastructure development. This study is to fulfill this gap. Such a classification of the world can be of great practical importance for all the evolving airports, wishing to reach the world level of innovations. The study attempted to identify the transitional moments in the development of airports from a simple airfield to a modern hub. It is anticipated that the results of this study will be applicable to most companies conscious of the problem; and therefore the recommendations of the study will be generic for the private investors, the government and all the stakeholders.