Жизнь и стихи Николая Олейникова
Biography and analysis of the texts of the poet Nikolay Oleynikov
The chapter discusses the post-revolutionary period of the Russian avant-garde, associated with forcing of the technological both in manifestations and practice, and the last decades of the Russian-language poetry, when attention to technology is comparably high. It seems important to discover their differences and how they relate to the evolution in understanding technology over the 20th century. Using the literature examples of LEF (S. Tretyakov, B. Kushner) and LCC (I. Selvinsky, B. Agapov), in this paper specific features of the machine subject are determined. There is two aspects of the machine sub-ject understanding in the literature of the post-revolutionary avantgarde: 1) as a subject of an internalized instrumentalization; 2) as a subject and an object of control. The chap-ter gives an overview of theories that affect these aspects in the late XX - early XXI century. Using an ideas analysis of how the machine subjectivity was represented during the XX century, the chapter shows the main development trends in contemporary Rus-sian-language poetry. The ambivalence of the avantgarde machine subject, which at the same time is part of the whole and controls its belonging to this whole, rationalizing technology, but at the same time affecting by it, in the modern context is giving way to the rational interpretation of the technology; in addition, nowadays technology seems to be perceived not productively, but procedurally.
What is to Be Done? Art Practice, Theory and Criticism in Russia during the Long Nineteenth Century
Book of poetry and prose of Nikolai Oleynikov
"Zholkovsky’s work—vast in scope and eclectic in methodology—has long been humanizing semiotics in both the Russian and American academy, giving it a face, a sense of humor, a stake in the real worlds we live by, but never losing its structuralist bedrock. The essays collected here, which range from Pushkin to Fyodor Karamazov, Okudzhava and Sedakova, from Peter the Great’s scandals abroad to Russian literary theory and filmmaking at home, are a goldmine by leading Slavists in North America, Europe, and Russia. A huge book of brilliant nuggets, it lights up the contours of our field today while paying perfect vignette-like tribute to Alik’s long non-conformist career, as fascinating and inscrutably flexible as it was often perilous.” (By Caryl Emerson). *** “This book is a wonderful gift not only for the 'jubilee celebrant' (for AZ it is impossible to imagine this phrase without quotes), but for all of us. The variety of topics, genres and authors might seem surprising were it not for the fact that this variety reflects the character of the book’s addressee. Its content, better than any manifesto or theoretical treatise, brings us good news: that a lack of intellectual inhibition, an unrestricted field of vision, and an enthusiasm that does not cloy are all so becoming to scholarship that, in essence, has as its sole palpable subject the infinity of creative choices. I have always liked Mayakovsky’s neologism: 'Do not jubilee!' (He himself, though, was very much concerned with his own anniversaries.) A / Z is completely devoid of the sedate smoothness of octogenaric jubilees, but it has a lot of panache and a spirit of intellectual adventure, and most importantly, fun. In this, the book bears a striking resemblance to its addressee.” (By Boris Gasparov).
The annotated list of abbreviations and acronyms used in Russian and Soviet Avant-garde art and art institutions in the first third of the 20th century.
Статья посвящена реконструкции историко-культурного контекста рубежа 1920-30-х гг. и интеллекутальных практик, которые позволяли молодому поколению авангардистов сочетать интерес к экспериментальному искусству с советскими идеологическими установками.