Paradigm leveling in non-standard Russian
Paradigm leveling has been extensively studied in different linguistic traditions (e.g. Albright 2002, 2010; Anttila 1977; Benua 1997; Bybee 1985; Kiparsky 1982, 2002; Kuryłowicz 1949; Kenstowicz 1996; Mańczak 1958; McCarthy 2005; Steriade 2000). We analyze several leveling processes currently taking place in Russian, focusing on non- standard innovative verb forms. We show that leveling can simultaneously go in two opposite directions, but some innovations (involving underapplication rather than overapplication of alternations) are more frequent. We discuss examples of alternations that are unattested in standard Russian and examine different factors that influence leveling.