Репрезентация заботы: социально уязвимые группы в учебниках для начальной и средней школы
This paper presents the analysis of moral aspects of representation in school textbooks socially vulnerable groups. Theories of the sociology of morality, sociology of emotions, as well as sociological approaches to the understanding of the phenomenon of otherness and discourse analysis form the theoretical frame of the analysis. The empirical base of the research consists of textbooks on the subjects "World around us" and "the Social Studies". Consideration of the examples of the representations of socially vulnerable groups in school textbooks made possible to trace a) change the representation of the topic in textbooks aimed at different age groups, b) to identify the degree of similarity in the representation of different groups United by the category of "social insecurity".
The answer to the question about the sources of cultural-specific and universal aspects of morality demands for the reference to social psychological and anthropological researches. The review is oriented to the verification of the concept of “moral grounds” (J. Haidt). We substantiated hereditary determinism of individualizing moral foundations – care and justice, while genetic tightness of group-oriented morality – ingroup cohesion and vertically is challenged. Appeal to neurobiological research allows us to imagine the brain as a communication point between genetics and environment. We considers the study of moral sphere through the prism of identity as the direction of possible integration of psychological, anthropological, genetic, and neurobiological approaches.
Life insurance is one of the substitute investments for social protection at the micro level for individuals and households. Like state social insurance, life insurance mitigates the social risks of aging, unemployment, reduced health, poverty and simultaneously saving for future well-being. Such social reasons and social surroundings and common economic factors affect life insurance. Demographic pressure with the aging of the population, the transformation of social protection and the influence of information and communication technologies impact the social determinants of life insurance. In this work, we assess the relationship between life insurance premiums and social indicators: demographic, labour and social protection in 24 countries of the European Union in 2007–2017. We found that the Gini index, health-care expenditures and average wages have the largest influence on life insurance. Other determinants, such as old dependency and life expectancy ratios, replacement of unemployment, population growth and self-employment, did not show a significant relation with life insurance. When analysing countries, we found a more precise picture: the selected social indicators have a significant impact on life insurance in the Netherlands, Greece and Italy and the smallest in Norway, France and Slovakia. The findings provide policy implications for the development of life insurance in the European Union, as well as for social policy and social insurance.
The book presents materials of the section of labour law and law of social protection organized during XIV Annual international scientific conefrence of the Law faculty of the Lomonosov Moscow State University and the V International scientific-practical conference "Kutafinskie chteniya" of the Kutafin Moscow Stat Law University "Constitutionalism and legal system of Russia: results and perspectives" which took place at the Law faculty of the Lomonosov Moscow State University November 26-28, 2013. The topic of the section was "Constitutional basics of the labour law and the law of social protection". The book contains articles of russian and foreign scientists - leading specialists in labour law and law of social protection; difefrent points of views are represented concerning most actual and discussant problems of its development. The book is assigned to scientists, lectureres, students and all interested in labour law and law of social protection.
Earning has been traditionally prescribed to male identity, while housekeeping management to the female. The opening of the labor market for women partly weakened gender inequality and the connection between gender and economic performance. However, that decision only opened a “male” economic role for all and kept the “female”-governing household expenditures underestimated. Based on the data of 37 in-depth interviews with middle-class housewives from Moscow, Russia, carried out between 2014-2019 using grounded theory methodology, the chapter reconstructs two lines of argumentation used by women to justify that management of household expenditures can be chosen as a main economic activity without the shame of failing modern gender standards. The first one is denoted as a “consumptive thrift” or “frugal approach.” It explains expenditures of a household as a form of saving and a way to obtain control over the family’s budget and needs. This approach uses economic rationality to suppress impulsive decisions and emphasize the similarity with actions of earning. The second logic is described as “consumption as social reproduction” or “abundant approach.” It points to the dissimilarity between female-driven spending to male earning. In this view, household expenditures make the family a domain of recovery, satisfaction, and relational work that is impossible without the satisfaction of desires.
10.09.91 История государства и права отдельных стран03.23.55 История России новейшего времени (с XX в.)
This third and last open access volume in the series takes the perspective of non-EU countries on immigrant social protection. By focusing on 12 of the largest sending countries to the EU, the book tackles the issue of the multiple areas of sending state intervention towards migrant populations. Two “mirroring” chapters are dedicated to each of the 12 non-EU states analysed (Argentina, China, Ecuador, India, Lebanon, Morocco, Russia, Senegal, Serbia, Switzerland, Tunisia, Turkey). One chapter focuses on access to social benefits across five core policy areas (health care, unemployment, old-age pensions, family benefits, guaranteed minimum resources) by discussing the social protection policies that non-EU countries offer to national residents, non-national residents, and non-resident nationals. The second chapter examines the role of key actors (consulates, diaspora institutions and home country ministries and agencies) through which non-EU sending countries respond to the needs of nationals abroad. The volume additionally includes two chapters focusing on the peculiar case of the United Kingdom after the Brexit referendum. Overall, this volume contributes to ongoing debates on migration and the welfare state in Europe by showing how non-EU sending states continue to play a role in third country nationals’ ability to deal with social risks. As such this book is a valuable read to researchers, policy makers, government employees and NGO’s.