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Regular version of the site

Book chapter

Показатель сослагательного наклонения как часть союза

С. 118-130.

Russian subjunctive is expressed by an analytical form which consists of subjunctive particle by (b) and past indicative or infinitive or a few predicative adverbs and adjectives. The subjunctive particle is an enclitic. It often merges with subordinate conjunctions, which yields words functioning as conjunctions and containing the subjunctive particle. Historically, the particle by in conjunctions can be traced back to the marker of subjunctive. Synchronically, however, the group is not homogenous. The aim of the paper is to find out which of the conjunctions with by should be considered as containing the marker of subjunctive, and test whether the particle can or can not be separated from the conjunction. Four criteria are used. The first and the second, namely, (a) the forms available in the subordinate clause with the conjunction and (b)  the possibility of repetition of the particle by with the second predicate shows that comparative conjunctions do not synchronically contain the subjunctive marker. The third and fourth criteria, namely (c) the omission of the particle by and (d) its ability to be separated from the conjunction by another words give different results.