Conflict Transformation, NGO and Networking
This chapter describes basic approaches to the study of socio-psychological climate of the organization and its structural components and the formation factors, discussed problems of diagnosis of socio-psychological climate and its relationship to job satisfaction and efficiency of joint activities. General description of the conflicts in the organization, their typology and the main methods of conflict resolution are presented.
On December 6, 2016, the Centre for North African and African Horn Studies of the Institute for African Studies of the Russian Academy of Sciences held the roundtable "IGAD and the Role of Regional Organizations in the Resolution of Armed Conflicts".
The participants of the roundtable included researchers from the Institute for African Studies, the International Centre for African Studies (Khartoum, Sudan), Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow State Institute of International Relations, as well as representatives of African diplomatic missions. The themes included the role of IGAD in regional integration, its role in the settlement of the conflicts in Sudan and South Sudan, interests of global actors in the region, prospects for the establishment of a regional peacekeeping forces, etc.
The participants of the roundtable agreed that the main prerequisite for the resolution of conflict and crisis situations in Northeast Africa is concerted efforts of the governments of most of the countries of the region. The deployment and strengthening of IGAD's Regional Protection Force may serve as a serious step towards the stabilization of the region by Africans themselves.
Article considers formation of the Conflict Resolution studies in Russia as a sub-discipl;ine within the politiucal sceince.
The authors discuss why conflicts emerge and how they are settled in different African regions and countries. Prospects for their peaceful resolution are studied. Basing on case studies, the authors propose theoretical approaches to conflicts.
This chapter analyzes Russian policies to international peace, security and institutions through the lens of various theoretical trends and schools that also emerged only in the post-Soviet space. The neorealist school (dominant in Russia) is skeptical regarding international institutions and global governance. For Russian neoliberals, international organizations and nonstate actors are important entities in world politics. The globalists believe that to establish a long-lasting peace not only institutions, but also the structure of the international system should be changed. And postpositivist trends are critical of all these positions, despite sharing neoliberalist and globalist views on the erosion of the nation-state and national sovereignty. Following the influences of the Russian theoretical schools of IR, the chapter analyzes Russia’s policies in the UN, its active participation in peacekeeping and peacebuilding, on the one hand, and past (“frozen”) and current conflicts in Syria, Ukraine, etc., on the other.
The chapter examines the Arctic region, which suffers from a lot of potential conflicts because of its abundant natural resources that are the subject of competition between the Arctic and non-Arctic powers. The authors argue that after the Cold War various regimes regulating the Arctic spread to the vast and complex network to form a new regional legal order, unlike the period when military force was the main instrument of coercion in global politico-ideological confrontation between the Soviet Union and the United states. According to the authors, the only effective way to the prevention of a potentially new type of global conflict in the Arctic is the enhancement of international legal instruments in the following areas: “delimitation of maritime spaces and definition of the limits of the continental shelf in the Arctic, the legal status of the Arctic maritime routes, improvement and proper implementation of various regulations varying from the maritime safety rules (the Polar Code) to the international environmental law in the Far North