Conflict Transformation, NGO and Networking
This chapter describes basic approaches to the study of socio-psychological climate of the organization and its structural components and the formation factors, discussed problems of diagnosis of socio-psychological climate and its relationship to job satisfaction and efficiency of joint activities. General description of the conflicts in the organization, their typology and the main methods of conflict resolution are presented.
On December 6, 2016, the Centre for North African and African Horn Studies of the Institute for African Studies of the Russian Academy of Sciences held the roundtable "IGAD and the Role of Regional Organizations in the Resolution of Armed Conflicts".
The participants of the roundtable included researchers from the Institute for African Studies, the International Centre for African Studies (Khartoum, Sudan), Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow State Institute of International Relations, as well as representatives of African diplomatic missions. The themes included the role of IGAD in regional integration, its role in the settlement of the conflicts in Sudan and South Sudan, interests of global actors in the region, prospects for the establishment of a regional peacekeeping forces, etc.
The participants of the roundtable agreed that the main prerequisite for the resolution of conflict and crisis situations in Northeast Africa is concerted efforts of the governments of most of the countries of the region. The deployment and strengthening of IGAD's Regional Protection Force may serve as a serious step towards the stabilization of the region by Africans themselves.
Article considers formation of the Conflict Resolution studies in Russia as a sub-discipl;ine within the politiucal sceince.
The authors discuss why conflicts emerge and how they are settled in different African regions and countries. Prospects for their peaceful resolution are studied. Basing on case studies, the authors propose theoretical approaches to conflicts.
The Arctic region is one of the most sensitive and vulnerable to climate change. The dramatic melting of Arctic ice has several negative consequences for the whole ecosystem as well as for a way of life of native people but it also creates new opportunities for the region. First, it opens up potential for exploitation of large deposits of natural resources such oil and gas. Second, it shrinks Arctic shipping routes which offer significant economic savings for many countries. These benefits has already attracted many countries, both Arctic and non-Arctic, thus resulting in potential conflict of interests. Unclear borders and existing territorial claims made the problem even more complicated. In our paper we made an attempt to evaluate the level of interest of countries in the Arctic region with respect to main resources – oil, gas, fish and maritime routes. As a result, we identified conflict of zones and presented a model of conflict resolution based on the idea of superposition which allocates each zone to a particular country.