Почему работают или не работают принимаемые законы
The article considers communicative strategies of environmental organizations and environmental activists in digital media. The authors investigate the content of federal mass media with political orientation (with an audience over 100,000 viewers) and constantly renewed channels of ecological information (websites of organizations; social media profiles) which have more than one thousand subscribers. Analysis points to a specific environmental media discourse in Russia: environmental organizations and movements has become a significant force shaping the public opinion. Three dominant themes are singled out: “garbage” problem, people’s treatment of animals and environmental damage caused by humans.
The authors examine the effectiveness of the legislative activities of environmentalists and the parliament in the sector “Natural resources and protection of environment”. The major environmental legislative initiatives are considered in the study (“On Responsible Treatment of Animals and on Amendments to Certain Legislative Acts of the Russian Federation”, “On Banning the Quality Control of Perfumes, Cosmetics and their Ingredients on Animals”, “On Setting of Quotas for Emissions of Pollutants and Amending Certain Legislative Acts of the Russian Federation on Reducing Air Pollution” and a municipal solid waste management problem (“garbage” problem).
A critical analysis of a new model of legal regula-tion of the norm-setting process in the Republic of Kazakhstan was carried out. Positive and negative aspects of the law of the Republic of Kazakhstan "On legal
acts" were singled out. The author's model of the legal regulation of the norm-setting process is proposed, through the adoption of the Federal Law "On the sources (forms) of law in the Russian Federation, the Federal Law" On Regulatory Legal Acts in the Russian Federation "and specific normative legal acts.
The project of the state reforms of M.M. Speransky (1808-1809) is considered in a context of attempts of Alexander I to solve one of the major problems of Russia XIX century - the problem of reforming a state system and management. It is proved that Speransky's various works contain fragments of harmonious sociopolitical philosophy, rather modern and actual.
This article is dedicated to overlook regulatory framework and realization of the constitution right of the legislative initiative in present Russia. The problems of understanding the right of the legislative initiative are being researched in the article and there is given an official position to this question, expressed in Art. 107 of the Regulations of the State Duma. It is noted, that in the Russian legislative process the given right is correlated with the legislative duty of the State Duma to consider this bill and the submitted documents with it and take an appropriate decision. On the basis of the analysis, it was concluded that the right of legislative initiative is implemented nonuniformly, because the state Duma enacts different laws on legal force. The question about from what moment the stage of the legislative initiative starts, at the same time, points of view are presented by both domestic and foreign authors. There is a conclusion made, that the real scope of authority subjects, that hold the right of legislative initiative in Russia is not the same, because it depends on the political and legal status of subjects of constitutional legal relations. The problem of the subject composition of persons who have the right of the legislative initiative, which is defined in Art. 104 of the Constitution of the Russian Federation is being discussed. The author comes to the conclusion, that there is an expansion in the subject composition of who have the right of legislative initiative in modern Russia, in which in addition to the General Prosecutor, the Ombudsman for Human and Citizen’s Rights, as well as the well-established large public organizations, should be added. It is noted, that the best form, in which the legal norms, that regulate the right of the legislative initiative will be fixed, is the Federal Law “On Regulatory Legal Acts in the Russian Federation”.