Реформы и право
The article covers the problem of Russian abour law reform.
The article deals with the issues of additional guarantees and compensations that can be provided to the athlete by the employer within the framework of the employment contract. The authors justify that some such additional guarantees and compensations can be attributed to guarantees and compensations in the field of social security.
Violence is the major threat to civilization. Since the monopoly on violence belongs to political states, the core problem is the excessive violence of the states. There are two aspects to this problem: violence toward the citizens of the state, and violence toward other states. The author treats these two facets of violence as two sides of one coin. The purpose of this essay is to highlight a possible normative approach toward the violence-free society
The author talks about the state in the context of globalization, about the features it should have in order to confront the current challenges. As a result of globalization processes, according to many researchers, the role of the state has become increasingly contested both within the state and at the international level. States are forced to develop in a more open and interdependent world, as a result they are going through a fundamental transformation of the underlying rationality. At the same time, the state in the realities of the global system is becoming one of the main tools to adapt society to the new conditions. In order to fulfill its role effectively, the government must meet the latest requirements and possess certain characteristics. The author offers a definition of the state: the state — a condition of social communication, constructed and institutionalizing at a certain stage of development of society, characterized by unity of the public authorities and the people, united by the law and territory. From this definition shows the following constitutive features of the state: social communication, institutionalization, the unity of the public authorities and the people, law and territory. The author provides an analysis of each of these features, puts attention to the great role of the legal and spiritual communication as a link between the foundations of society and the state.
We address the external effects on public sector efficiency measures acquired using Data Envelopment Analysis. We use the health care system in Russian regions in 2011 to evaluate modern approaches to accounting for external effects. We propose a promising method of correcting DEA efficiency measures. Despite the multiple advantages DEA offers, the usage of this approach carries with it a number of methodological difficulties. Accounting for multiple factors of efficiency calls for more complex methods, among which the most promising are DMU clustering and calculating local production possibility frontiers. Using regression models for estimate correction requires further study due to possible systematic errors during estimation. A mixture of data correction and DMU clustering together with multi-stage DEA seems most promising at the moment. Analyzing several stages of transforming society’s resources into social welfare will allow for picking out the weak points in a state agency’s work.