The paper presents the key results from the monitoring of the implementation of the EU programme Education & Training 2010 during the last two-year period. It examines the main aspects of the programme implementation on the overall European as well as on the national level. It summarizes further political steps and perspectives to be implemented for the future European education and training system development before and after 2010. As the final 2008 joint progress report shows the most part the EU member countries could provide positive results from the later two-year period of the EU programme implementation. While the progress achieved by different countries in separate programme's strands as experts noted doesn't prove the overall positive changes across Europe and must be strengthened in future. The paper attempts to address the following questions: What programme's strands enjoyed most positive results and had been developed better during the time period considered? And which of them are remained insufficiently developed? How effective were the national political steps of different countries? What is the national context for the EU programme Education & Training 2010 main goals delivery and implementation? As well as how reachable the priority for the lifelong learning development in Europe can be? And how it is possible to provide the favorable conditions to deliver lifelong learning for knowledge, creativity and innovation in Europe?
The monograph reflects on the dynamics of the EU role in global governance processes, presents analysis of the methods and instruments the EU employs for achieving its objectives in the international arenas, models and options of multilateral partnerships. The EU’s evolving role and influence in the G7/G8 over the last ten years reflecting its growth in power and influence as well as the EU expanding community competencies and legal authority is specifically explored, as an area which so far has not been sufficiently investigated. The work is tracing the transformation of the EU identity as a global actor in the recent decade and looks into how these changes affect the EU – Russia relationship. The book adds value to the scholarly literature in the field of studying the EU as a global actor. The contributions aim to serve as a reference and analysis for academics and students in the fields of political science, economics, law and other disciplines. The work aspires to be helpful to government officials, financial institutions, research libraries, the news media, and to members of the interested public.
The paper presents a brief overview of theoretical and empirical literature on collusion in public procurement. We discuss the main economic models of collusion, the impact of market factors on the appearance and sustainabil ity of collusion, and the ways of hindering collusion in public procurement through different stages of procurement cycle. We also describe the main empirical and econometric models of detecting and classifying collusion in public procurement.
The article considers the processes of progress in production and service sectors and answers the question how and thanks to what service sector of Russian economy left the productive one behind (concerning contribution in GDP of our country). The rates of development of service sector turned out to be so high firstly - as a reason of peculiarities of new Russian economy, which historically was built on the market principles and was developing in conditions of investment resources deficit, secondly - as a reason of system differences between «physical» goods and services as an object of sale. Nowadays Russia faces an unusual symbiosis: effective service companies, operating in hard competitive sphere with average profitability and non-affective from the point of management industrial companies, which thanks to monopolistic pricing have great profitability, providing profits of Russian budget and determining a macroeconomic situation.