Средства массовой информации и религиозный выбор
In the previous two years, the conferences of the Center for the Study of Economic Culture (St. Petersburg State University) were devoted to such global issues as the economic culture of modern capitalism and the role of values and interests in the economy. The sphere of economic relations was treated as a part of individuals’ cultural activity. A wide range of issues have been discussed: the cultural dimensions of the economy; the origins of the institutions of modernity; the economics of happiness; methods of qualitative analysis; the role of values, ideology, morality, aesthetics in economic theory; art markets; economic culture of different epochs and countries. One of the most important aspects of economic culture is the relationship of economy and religion. To raise this issue is to revise the well-known thesis of secularization, which was obvious to Marx, Durkheim, Weber, Freud. Paradoxically, the world has never seen more people with traditional religious beliefs than at the present time. Moreover in the world’s largest economy, the USA, the trend toward secularization is weaker. Higher level of happiness is found in Latin America, where there are more believers. It is important to analyze the impact of economic ethics of various religions on the formation of modern capitalism; to investigate reasons of economic success of religious minorities; and to track down the impact of theology and religion on the formulation of the basic terms and concepts of the economic theory.
The paper considers the peculiarities of the development of halal tourism in Russia. It reveals the history, basic requirements, problems and development prospects of the tourism destinations. We used analytical, synthetic, and statistical methods for writing the paper. The potential of the international market of Halal products is growing along with the growth of the Islamic population and the spread of Islamic tradition, and it has great prospects. Therefore, the particular attention was paid to the analysis of the demographic development of the Muslims, which gives reason to talk about high dynamics of population growth in Islamic countries as a whole. The situation with tourists "exchange" between Muslim countries and Russia is unfavorable today. Citizens of Muslim countries are rather passive in terms of international tourism, which complicates the spread of halal-tourism, on the other hand the consumption of this product is growing among the population of non-Muslim countries. Halal industry is relatively recent phenomenon in the Russian Federation, and this determines the fact that the field of knowledge is poorly studied in scientific terms. The conceptual apparatus continues to take shape. Despite the fact that Russia has Muslim regions in its territory, currently the huge potential of halal tourism destinations is just beginning to develop, and its dynamic growth may require long time. The paper highlights largest countries-producers and consumers of such goods. It also considers the issues of Islamic banking. Measures for the development of Islamic economics are analyzed including purposeful activity of the Tatarstan authorities since it is one of the most economically developed regions in Russian. Furthermore, over than half of its population are Muslims.