Экономика и религия. Международная научная конференция
In the previous two years, the conferences of the Center for the Study of Economic Culture (St. Petersburg State University) were devoted to such global issues as the economic culture of modern capitalism and the role of values and interests in the economy. The sphere of economic relations was treated as a part of individuals’ cultural activity. A wide range of issues have been discussed: the cultural dimensions of the economy; the origins of the institutions of modernity; the economics of happiness; methods of qualitative analysis; the role of values, ideology, morality, aesthetics in economic theory; art markets; economic culture of different epochs and countries. One of the most important aspects of economic culture is the relationship of economy and religion. To raise this issue is to revise the well-known thesis of secularization, which was obvious to Marx, Durkheim, Weber, Freud. Paradoxically, the world has never seen more people with traditional religious beliefs than at the present time. Moreover in the world’s largest economy, the USA, the trend toward secularization is weaker. Higher level of happiness is found in Latin America, where there are more believers. It is important to analyze the impact of economic ethics of various religions on the formation of modern capitalism; to investigate reasons of economic success of religious minorities; and to track down the impact of theology and religion on the formulation of the basic terms and concepts of the economic theory.