Enterprise Efficiency: Experiences of Brazil, Russia, India and South Africa
The main objective of the OECD project was to develop recommendations aimed at improving the use of economic and other instruments of management of water resources for attaining sustainable development of water sector, as well as socio-economic development of the Republic of Buryatia as a whole. The project consisted of three stages that resulted in the development of specific relevant reports included in the series of works performed on the commission of OECD.
Proposed recommendations relate to improvement of water policies while the main aim of the series of project was not the development of detailed methodologies and instructions but rather identification of a general way for policy reforms in the field of water resource management. Such methodological guidelines on introduction and improvement of administrative and economic instruments are propose to be developed at a later stage, after relevant political decuisions on the proposed measures are made.
Energy efficiency in household sector has recently become an issue of pressing topicality according to the latest studies and reviews in this domain. The issue can be found in numerous publications of the renowned scientists of the past and nowadays it is still receiving a wide support. There are a number of circumstances connected with the emergence of this phenomenon. Firstly, energy consumption of households in Russia and UK is constantly growing. This is true for many other sectors in both countries as well as worldwide. The Statistical Review of World Energy released by British Petroleum in June 2013 states that global consumption of primary energy grew by 60% over the last 25 years and the growth is continuing. It is expected that by 2035 global consumption will grow by 41%. Secondly, energy strategies of both countries call switching to the path of innovative and energy-efficient development one of the main objectives of household sector development. The paper intends to draw attention towards the energy efficiency issue. The paper observes existing energy efficiency problems in household sector in Russia and United Kingdom and governmental programmes that serve to address them. It also considers the peculiarities of energy efficiency programmes of these countries. The paper shows the distinctive and similar features of legislation and policies in energy efficiency area in Russia and United Kingdom. The research reveals each country’s good practices in household sector that can be adopted for another country and can contribute to sector development.
The analysis of energy systems is of paramount importance in modern societies, since it is fundamental to guarantee a sustainable economic development. It combines technical and economic research with a specific focus on quantitative modelling, in order to optimize the modalities of energy demand and supply globally.
The book covers major advanced topics related to the analysis of energy by considering different aspects, namely management, planning and policies. The most recent trends, such as smart grids, transition from fossil fuels to renewables based energy systems and distributed generation, are also discussed in this book. Intended to be a collection of various contributions from experts all around the world, it includes latest research results, innovations and methodologies about the analysis of energy systems. The book also focuses to contribute to the current debate related to the evolution of energy systems, by discussing in an open way the pro’s and con’s without any pre-constitute point of view. Title is aimed to be a reference for the academic community, students and professionals with a wider interdisciplinary background.
The given study is devoted to the issues of searching the ways for adaptation to climate change, mitigation of its impact on the economy and population, as well as to the role of increasing energy efficiency in the economies of some countries of Eastern Europe, Caucasus and Central Asia (EECCA). It also relates to the issues of responding to negative trends and emerging challenges caused by climate change. The Report represents several case studies on the above topics implemented in Moldova, Tadjikistan, Kazakhstan, Azerbaijan and the Russian Federation by the network of regional enviuronmental centres. It also contains consideration of possible methodological approaches and recommendations on addressing the above issues in the EECCA region.
In the past decades Foresight has been significantly developed as a tool for long-term forecasting in the field of power generation and energy efficiency. Such research aims at investigation of the most promising innovation strategies in this area, identifying various (including alternative) ways to achieve technological and market goals with the participation of best qualified experts. Such Foresight method as Roadmapping is widespread in the world practice. It helps to shape complex and interrelated views on prospects of innovation development in specific areas of energy efficiency, it links R&D programmes with creation of technologies and products, as well as their subsequent commercialization. The paper provides an overview of the world Foresight experience aimed at creating vision of the future and building innovation strategies related to energy efficiency. Special attention is paid to the Russian research practice, in particular to different types of Foresight projects implemented by the specialists of State University - Higher School of Economics. The authors describe the results of main projects dedicated to shape the future of energy-efficient technologies and to develop of innovation strategies on their application.
The article substantiates the strategic goal of the State energy policy, creation of sustainable innovation system in the energy field. To achieve this goal, there are different forms of investment.
The article discusses the features of energy service contracts as one of the types of state-business interaction in the form of a publicprivate partnership. The purpose of the article is to analyze the main problems accompanying the implementation of energy service contracts on the basis of a case analysis and to develop recommendations for those who are at the stage of concluding such agreements. The following causes of problems between the parties to the energy service contracts are highlighted: methodological, organizational and financial. The following recommendations are developed based on the experience of participation in forensic examinations:1) careful study of the methodology for calculating savings using energy audit;2) the method of calculating the economic effect should be an integral part of the energy service contract;3)careful management of documents in order to be able to begin to resolve the conflict in the pretrial order according to the Civil Code;4) the contractor must make sure that there are economic benefits based on detailed calculations of indicators such as payback period, net present value of the project, internal rate of return, which it is mandatory to compare with the cost of financial resources used in the project.