Since formal laws can be observed or ignored to varying degrees, the actual enforcement regime shapes incentives and constraints. Most of the studies exploring EPL effects on labour market performance implicitly assume that EPL compliance is near to complete and therefore all firms bear full adjustment costs incurred by the regulations. This seems to be a very strong assumption for any country but it sounds especially strong and hardly plausible for developing and transition economies. But if compliance and enforcement varies widely across regions/cities or segments of firms, then this variation is likely to cause variation in performance. This paper looks at Russia in particular. The main idea of this paper is to analize cross-regional and inter-temporal variation in EPL enforcement and to explore empirically whether it is translated into regional labour market outcomes. The paper employs unique data set based on the State Labour Inspectorate data and the Supreme Court statistics on labour disputes.
Non-standard employment contracts are not a new phenomenon for the Russian labor market and being increasingly used by Russian enterprises. But their importance to the economy, the impact on employment and wages are still unclear. The positive effect of non-standard employment contracts can be seen in increasing a probability of escaping from the unemployment, in rising a number of employees, and enhancing a probability of their work employment. It is possible that the wages of workers with non-standard employment contracts could be lower than those with standard employment contracts. Using the data stu died (in 2009-2010), the author shows the dynamics of employment and wages growth as a result of using nonstandard employment contracts by Russian enterprises.