In the article the interrelation between the economic identity and the professional self -determination of a person is analyzed. The property self-categorization, representations about polarization of incomes between rich and poor people, and the level of material claims, are considered to be indicators of economic-psychological status, a component of economic identity. The features of valuable orientations of the person, motivation of professional self- determination, and also the characteristics of the purposes of professional work and their means of achievement are considered to be the elements of professional self-determination. The results of empirical research confirmed the connections between the subjective economic-psychological status and the features of professional self-determination. These connections were statistically confirmed.