Оценка регулирующего воздействия и парламент во Франции
The paper is aimed at assessing the regulatory impact of the new trade law (2009). A standardized data survey is used for revealing market sellers that may gain from the introduction of the trade law. 512 filled questionnaires were collected from the managers of chain stores and their suppliers in fi ve big cities of Russia in November-December 2010. Federal Anti-Trust Service statistics is used to examine the scale and dynamic of regulatory impact on the trade law enforcement. The author concludes that the initial effects of the trade law do not correspond to the declared goals. At the same time, the market sellers confront with the additional transaction costs of administrative control, prosecutions and fi nes due to the extended prerogatives of the anti-trust authorities.
The book is devoted to the causes and special aspects of modern authoritarian political regimes, which differ from their last century analogues with a pronounced imitative character. Hamstrung by democratic constitutions and international obligations, many post-socialist countries actually mimic democratic institutions and procedures, trying to hide real authoritarianism behind a beautiful democratic signboard. It turns out that the level of authoritarianism is directly proportional to the imitations level. The study also proves that the imitations level is also proportional to the levels of aggression, corruption and poverty. What are the reasons for the rise of imitative political regimes? How and by what means is their constitutional field transformed? On what grounds can they be identified in advance? The book attempts to answer these questions in the name of preventing the threat of return of authoritarianism in the post-socialist countries.
This article is devoted to developmet of regulatory impact assessment (RIA) in Russia as part of the institutional reforms regarding legislative procedures.
The article represents some key theoretical and legal aspects of the opposition phenomenon in stable democracies and transitional regimes regarding such items as the formation of political parties, legal regulation, forms and methods of the opposition activity in contemporary Russian political debates.
This is an afterword to the Russian translation of Carl Schmitt's "Political Romanticism". Special attention is paid to the prehistory of this work, especially to the biographical details of his life before WWI and during the war and to the small but very important book on Theodor Däubler Schmitt published just before he started to study romanticism. Many contemporary authors criticize Schmitt as a predecessor of the German nazism, however, his book on romaticism was not so clear politically biased as it can seem today. What is really wrong in Schmitts position is his underestimation of the roile of conversation in politics. He did not understand the ideological perspectives of parlamentarism falcely identified with endless and fruitless conversations.