Positive immigrant youth adaptation in context: Developmental, acculturation, and social psychological perspectives
Traditionally, research on child and adolescent development has focused on American youth, inadvertently neglecting 96 percent of the world's children. This all-encompassing volume introduces global perspectives on young people across the globe, focusing on such topics as parenting and childcare, gender roles, violence against girls, adolescence in poor and rich countries, and developmental psychopathology across cultures. Recently updated, the second edition includes the latest findings in the field, additional content, and new photos and charts.
With contributions from leading psychological and anthropological scholars, chapters address worldwide changes in children's lives, parent-child relationships, sibling relationships, immigrant children and their families, and adolescents in both industrialized and developing nations. A special section discusses children living in difficult circumstances, including street children, child soldiers, global nomads, and children suffering from various internalizing and externalizing disorders. This book is the perfect introduction to the latest trends in developmental psychology.
The article will discuss the variety of African migrants’ pathways toward social recognition and success in a Russian megacity by describing and analyzing the experiences of the Ethiopian owners of two establishments in Moscow: a lavish downtown restaurant, and a small café on an international university campus on the city’s outskirts. These cases display various points of both similarity and divergence, but are here regarded as examples of successful African entrepreneurship, each in its own way, contrasting with the usual representation of Africans as passive victims in the receiving society. As background for the analysis we provide information on the changes that have occurred since the breakup of the USSR, and which have impacted on the migrants’ social composition, on their strategies of integration, and on the modes P. 206. of their acceptance by the new sociocultural milieu. The research is based mainly on in-depth and semi-structured interviews with the two establishment owners, their employees, and guests conducted in May to June 2012. It reveals the factors that have promoted their successful establishment in the Russian capital as well as their own perceptions of the position of migrants within it.
As long as migration involves mainly young people, their relocation to the big cities has the strongest impact on sex-age structures both in core and peripheral areas. That’s why we are focusing our biggest part of attention on this particular age group in this paper. Unfortunately, Russian migration statistics is quite unreliable. It has failed to record “student age” movement in the last decades. So we consider the best way to fill this gap is to use the Census data. In this paper we used the so called “method of shifting ages”. The core idea is to compare cohorts in adjacent census years taking mortality into account. The discrepancy would stand for migration. The curtail advantage of this method is that, having appropriate data, we can evaluate migration losses and gains at any administrative level. Our data allows us to study intraregional population dynamics. As mortality is insignificant in youth cohorts, we are mostly dealing with migration. Our estimates show that during the last intercensus period (2002-2010) up to 70 percent of youth cohorts have left regional periphery for good after graduating school. For comparison, previous intercensus period (1989-2002) has shown only 40 percent decrease in periphery’s youth cohorts. At the end of the research author’s method of estimating the trend in regional center’s migration attractiveness for the youths is presented.
Migration (especially internal) changes sex-age structures substantially both in donor and host areas. As long as migration involves mainly young people, their relocation to the big cities (mainly regional centers) accelerates population ageing in peripheral areas and thus depopulation. Ageing is particularly fast in the Russian hinterland. Here you can find areas with the median age of population reaching the edge of 50 years. The cohort research on youth’s migration to the centers on the last two Russian census data shows that up to 70% of school graduates leave the regional periphery for good. At the end of the article there is an author’s method which presents the attempt to estimate the trend in regional center’s migration attractiveness for the youths.
In this paper we research on the internal youth migration. We use the data of the last two Russian Census - 2002 and 2010. The main question we answer is whether it is possible for the regional periphery to hold or return their youths.
This short abstract present the cohort research on youth migration in Russia. The research is based on Census data. Method of shifting ages is used.
The article has evaluated the influence of labor migration on the prospects for socio-economic development (SED) within different Russian Federation (RF) regions, with a focus on Nizhny Novgorod. It notes that labor shortages are a function of the country's complex demographic condition, calling labor migration a significant factor in the RF SED. At this stage, the commentary refocuses on the main characteristics of labor migration in Nizhny Novgorod region: ethnic composition, qualifications, industrial requisites and ongoing needs for worker employment. The critique also delves into the projected contribution of migrants to both the gross regional product and the regional budget, exploring the territory's projected goal of attracting labor migrants. In the course of the discussion, the document has identified the aspects impeding comprehensive SED, primarily the host country's ratio of migrants to the general population. In parallel, the paper has provided a study into Nizhny Novgorod's balance of students to labor migrants, claiming that the relationship exhibits certain potential risks that could negatively impact on the projected regional SED. The blueprint posits, in conclusion, that the RF has to adopt certain migrant-worker-related mechanisms to improve the operational efficiency of its worker-integration procedures.