Chapter 16. Тhe analysis of Russian meat producers competitiveness on the world market
А comparative analysis of the state of small business in Russia and the EU countries was carried out. Particular attention was paid to the characteristics on innovation activity of small business in Russia. Based on multivariate statistical methods, approach was implemented for the construction of Russian regions rating by the level of development of small businesses. The relationship between general level of development of small entrepreneurship and its innovation activities was estimated.
The extraction of task-related single trial ERP information has recently gained much interest, not only in studies on ERPs alone, but also in simultaneous EEG-fMRI applications. The investigation of these single trial data, however, requires a specific decomposition to retrieve the task-related activity from the originally acquired raw data. In this study, this is achieved with source extraction based on parallel factor analysis (PARAFAC). We show that differences between distinct task-related conditions can be captured in the trial signatures of specific PARAFAC components when applied to single trial ERP data arranged in channels x time x trials arrays. The performance of this method is illustrated for data from a visual detection task, acquired in normal circumstances and simultaneously with fMRI. We also checked whether the obtained trial signatures correlated with the fMRI data, but with this approach no significant results were found.
The article estimates Trends and factors of small business development in Russiawere analyzed in the article. By means of multivariate statistical procedures the RF regions were classified by groups, which differ in common features and problems in the development of small entrepreneurship. The results of the study show that the program to support and stimulate small business should take into account the existing cluster structure and the revealed factors.
The article presents the results from studying the engagement of Russians in supplementary professional and business education programs and investigates the influence of such engagement on small business development in the socioeconomic contexts of different regions of Russia. The study goes from comparing the number of students enrolled in supplementary professional and business education programs of various duration across regions, through analysing the correlations between the demand for specific types of programs and the development of different business subsectors under region-specific socioeconomic conditions, to analysing entrepreneurship education as a growth driver for particular types of small businesses in specific contexts.
The study tests hypotheses about the engagement of Russians in business education being contingent on the regional context and about the influence of different forms of business education on the development of various types of business undertakings. Empirical data on three types of region-specific socioeconomic contexts reveals a significant correlation between engagement in supplementary professional and business education programs and the development level of small businesses, microbusinesses, and entrepreneurship (in its routine and innovative versions). The three clusters of regional units homogeneous in their socioeconomic contexts were determined using a multidimensional typology.
The findings allow for evaluating the role of the national education system in promoting business activities among the population based on reliable and relevant statistical information consistent with the international standards as well as measuring the effectiveness of business education programs and promotion strategies in various regional contexts. The article puts forward recommendations on choosing the types of entrepreneurship education to deliver at different levels of the education system in Russia.