Espacios de la memoria: el exilio republicano español en la Unión Soviética
Paper studies the historical memory of the Spanish exile in the Soviet Union.
The chapter presents a history of the literary magazins in Spanish, published in the Soviet Union. Based on documents from the Russian archives, it shows that from the very beginning, the magazin La Literatura Internacional was conceived as an edition for the Spanish emigration in Latin America, and later, it was reoriented towards the Spanish emigration in the Soviet Union and general public in Latin America. We study materials publihed in Spanish and changes in publishing strategy of the magazin in the 40ties until the launching of the new verison of the magazin, Literatura soviética.
The paper examines the category of space as an essential aspect of the exile theater writings by César Arconada. In his plays written in the Soviet Union, the action normally takes place in Spain, inaccessible for the writer. It is a space for the fantasy, albeit recreated in a realistic manner. For the playwriter it was a way to get closer to his motherland, make it tangible in his exile.
The book offers a study of cultural and literary press published by the Spanish republican exile in the 40ties in different countries of the world: Mexico, France, Soviet Union etc.
The paper focuses on the biography and theater plays of Julián Gorkin, Spanish politician and writer exiled in Mexico and France after the Republicans' defeat in the civil war, and discusses his ideas of the political theater in the 1930es. By the 1960es Gorkin's concept of the art of playwriting had undergone a significant transformation, as it evidenced by his comedy Fantasmas de historia, analyzed in the paper. Now political issues got a historical dimension. The articles offers an interpretation of this theater play devoted to the Russian revolution and the Russian white emigration as a literary work aimed at discussing a future form of government in Spain after Franco's death.
The chapter offers information about dramatic writing of Spanish writer Cesar Arconada in his exile in the Soviet Union, and its staging in the USSR. The second half of the chapter tells about the Spanish theater director Ángel Gutiérrez, from the group of the Spanish children evacuated during Spanish civil war to the USSR, who studied at GITIS. The third part of the chapter offers history of staging of drama by Alejandro Casona in the Soviet Union.
The paper offers information on the history of the Soviet literary review 'International Literature', from its origins and the first stage of its edition, and the history of the Spanish edition called 'La Literatura Internacional' which first issue was published in 1942.