Notes of a Cavalryman (Zapiski kavalerista, 1915–1916) by Nikolai Gumilev are dedicated to the poet’s participation in World War I and reveal a deep influence of Tolstoy’s novel War and Peace. A brief analysis of the work leads to the conclusion that Gumilev on a superficial level often argued with Tolstoy’s concept of war. Nevertheless, on a deeper level he took cues from Nikolai Rostov not only by getting in the same situations as Tolstoy’s hero, but also by resembling Rostov’s psychological type. This consequently allows us to claim that during World War I, Nikolai Rostov was a model according to which Gumilev fashioned his own life.
The memoirs of Jewish amateur writer P. Vengerova and Russian writer/educator E. Vodovozova have many commonalities in their plot lines. Yet the approaches of the memoirists towards the description of their childhood were different. While Vengerova builds her memoirs on the myth of the Golden Age of Jewish authenticity lost in the course of assimilation, Vodovozova perceived her childhood against the foil of Russian serf-ownership. The strategies and methods of the writers derived from their approaches.