«Анти-Фауст» Тика и немецкая легенда о Фаусте. (тезисы)
The book contains the contributions of the 13th annual conference Franz Werfel-StipendiatInnen.
The understanding of the Austrian modern age in Russia has changed during the last hundred years at least three times. Around the turn of the century of 19-20 centuries remained to the criticism of the modern age in Russia in frame the German education system and education system, which pursued the purpose, to fix national character in the literature. After him in 1917 the literature was valid as means for the ideological fight what has caused a negative appraisal of the Austrian modern age as "a bourgeoisie art". During the last 20 years the ideological function of the literature transformed in an intercultural function which opens the understanding of the own to itself from the perspective of the foreign culture.
The dream as a cultural figuration in Richard Beerhofmann „The death Georg“ permits us to open some row of constants of the modern age in Austria. These constants are Narzissismus, aesthetic perception of the world which stylises of all living to the art object, and disregarding of the social reality. At the example the dream in the work the artistic problems of the modern age are interpreted.
In the article the resemblances and differences are analysed in the novel concept from by Friedrich Theodor Vischer and Michail Bachtin. The novel is the paradigmatic literary representation form of the „modern time“ for Vischer. Art is for him, in the succession Hegels, the representation of the sensually appearing idea. Vischers embody the ideals in the artistic form of the novel. For Michail Bachtin the conversion of the Uberpersonliches is weighted in the personal in the novel with the ideology criticism of the totalitarian system. The aesthetic function of the funny means is for the Russian literature specialist an alternative of the personal freedom in the Soviet society. If at Vischer the hero is the centre of different cultural perspectives stands, looks Bachtin at the hero as an object of the author‘s word and as a subject of own word. The ambiguity of the hero is conditioned with Vischer by the Durchkreuzung of cultural perspectives, with Bachtin by the Dialogizitat of the novel. Thus the differences lie between Vischers and Bachtins novel concept not on the aesthetic, but in the ideological area.
The understanding the Austrian literary canon in Russia differs substantially from the western understanding. This was caused by different cultural and scientific traditions. The choice criteria in the literature canon in Russia were formulated by the social-historical approach. Besides, a certain hierarchy of artistic systems played an essential role. At the head of this hierarchy there stood always realism. At the moment the canon of the Austrian modern age is in becoming and his creation depends on the choice criteria.
This article presents the reconstruction of the journey to Germany that S.T. Coleridge undertook in 1798-1799 and examines this issue as an important stage of development of the English poet-philosopher. We are speaking about his studies at Goettingen University in view of the influence of some ideas of his German professors ‒ the classical philologist C.G.Heyne and the anthropologist J.F. Blumenbach on his aesthetics and philosophy. We as well consider his passion for Kantian metaphysics, translations and renderings of German verse, as the interpretative experiments to «transfer» German «poetic forms». The text of “Satyrane's letters” (1809-1810) gives us an unusual sum up of Coleridge's literary and philosophic experience as a traveller. We interpret composition of the text as the space of romantic imagination where Mount Brocken and Witches Night (Walpurgisnacht) are highest peaks.