Метод интервью в качественном социологическом исследовании
The paper describes the results of a comparative analysis of humor comprehension in healthy people (N=39) and patients with mental disorders (N=31): schizophrenia and schizotypal disorders (N=19) and affective disorders (N=12). A set of seven verbal jokes was administered to the participants individually and followed by in-depth semi-structured interview in order to reveal the levels of cognitive and emotional humor comprehension of each joke. The transcribed protocols of the interviews were assessed independently by four experts (psychologists), who ranked the interpretation of each joke in according with five levels of cognitive (1. fragmentary pseudo-comprehension, 2. pseudo-comprehension, 3. diffuse comprehension, 4. incomplete comprehension, 5. complete comprehension) and three levels of emotional (1. lack of emotional contact: a) complete emotional merging with (one of) the joke’s characters; b) absolute inability to establish emotional contact with the joke’s characters, 2. partial identification, 3. voluntarily regulated partial identification) comprehension.
Satisfactory level of expert assessments consistency was obtained in both groups of participants, which confirms the suitability of the chosen research methodology for using in both healthy and clinical populations.
The results show incomplete humor comprehension to be common among mentally healthy people. At the same time, it is typical for patients with mental disorders to have a significant decrease in both cognitive and emotional components of humor comprehension. We also revealed some differences between the subgroups of schizophrenia and affective disorders. Overall, in the clinical group, correlation between cognitive and emotional components of humor comprehension was lower in comparison with correlation between these components in the controls. We suggest that, in clinical group, the lower correlation may lead to mutual decompensation of cognitive and emotional components while understanding a joke.
A promising next step of the study is to conduct a detailed qualitative analysis of the differences of cognitive and emotional humor comprehension and the strategies of jokes’ meanings reconstruction between healthy people and psychiatric patients.
The paper tells about the role of the board of directors in Russian public and non-public companies. The base of the paper - 15th in-depth interviews with the board of directors memebers and the experts in th field of corporate governance. The interviews were conducted in spring-summer 2012.
The article reveals the experience of a person's adequate self-relation case study research imple mentation and the conceptualization of its basic empirical outcomes. An aim of the research is to pro cess and develop the reflective practice of helping a person to maintain adequate 'self-relation' with him or herself. The study explores some essential characteristics of a self*relational process: (a) the cohesion of internalised «selfobjects» (thoughts, sensations, images, and desires); (b) the constancy of these 'selfobjects' to the experience of reorganising the self; and (c) the degree to which the 'selfobjects' change in response to changes in circumstances (resilience). Some basic conditions of providing the help and support within the participant's self-relational process are described in terms of the exploration of practitioner's attempts to assist these qualities.