Российская и этнорегиональная идентичности в Татарстане от 1990-ых ко второму десятилетию XXI века
The paper studies empirically competition on regional markets for banking services in Russia. Bank-level statistics collected in two adjacent Russian regions, namely Bashkortostan and Tatarstan, enabled to compare these markets. Estimation based on Herfindahl-Hirschman index, Lerner index and Panzar-Rosse model suggests that both regional markets are featured by monopolistic competition. Contrary to ex ante expectations, intensity of competition in Bashkortostan turned out to be higher than in Tatarstan. There is found no convincing statistical proof to the theoretical hypothesis that market power dynamics are driven by market structure, i.e. by the degree of market concentration in the hands of top players.
In the context of Russia’s need to make a transition towards a new developmental model and in light of the international experience suggesting that advanced regions within large economies countries could become the primary drivers of national growth, this article analyzes the developmental model that has been shaping up in the Republic of Tatarstan (RT). In Russia, since the mid-2000s, this model has been considered as an example of "best practice". We identify the main characteristics and stages in the evolution of the RT developmental model, as well as highlight its strengths and limitations using the SWOT-analysis technique. The article points out that consolidation of the interests of major regional elite groups and their consensus regarding the priorities for regional development have been important comparative advantages of Tatarstan. The prospects for formation in the RT of a "catch-up" developmental model similar to ones in the successful countries of Southeast Asia will depend upon the extent to which the current Tatarstan’s elite could find a consolidated response to the new challenges confronting the RT recently.
This paper studies the determinants of educational outcomes in the Republic of Tatarstan, Russia. Using principle component analysis, least squares with robust standard errors, and probit models, I found that family resources, including socioeconomic status, cultural and social capital, show a statistically significant effect on educational achievements and plans about educational trajectories. However, little of the variation in the dependent variables can be explained by variation in family resources. In Tatarstan, as in developed countries, family resources have a low influence on educational outcomes. Moreover, school quality, gender, nationality, peers, health, plans about future work, and other physical and psychological factors play important roles in influencing educational outcomes. Girls obtain better results than boys, and Tatar speakers show higher educational achievements than Russian speakers.
This empirical paper adds to competition and industrial organization literature by exploring the interplay between industry structure and competitiveness on local, rather than nation-wide, markets. We use micro-level statistical data for banks in two Russian regions (Bashkortostan and Tatarstan) to estimate Herfindahl-Hirschman index, Lerner index, and Panzar-Rosse model. We estimate Panzar-Rosse model in two ways: via the widely used price-equation that accounts for scale effects and then via a revenue-equation that disregards scale effects as suggested by Bikker, Shaffer and Spierdijk (2009). We find both regional markets to be ruled by monopolistic competition, although estimation by revenue-equation does not reject monopoly hypothesis for Tatarstan. Existence of sizeable locally-owned and operated institutions does not necessarily lead to higher competitiveness of the given regional market. Non-structural methods of estimation suggest that bank competition in Bashkortostan is stronger than in Tatarstan.