New Life of New Holland in a Classical City
New Holland Island is a remarkable quarter in St. Petersburg not only for its central location and historical roots (it was created in 1720), but also for the fact that it has recently been given a new life in urban contexts. The story of New Holland is a story of transformation from ship-building constructions to perfect space for in-door and open-air cultural activities – with lawns and sun beds, leisure areas for adults and children, and residential areas for artists. One of the main features of the project is private ownership meaning that regeneration development strategy is formed by an investor.
The aim of the study is to analyze the role of the new creative industries for the regional development of the cultural heritage. It is particularly concerned with the definition of the city space. The research focuses on the modern ways of not only conservation, but rather analysis, interpretation and consumption of various cultural products. This paper includes investigation of economic, political, social and cultural consequences of the interaction between different cultural establishments. The author of this article researches the creative industries with the examples of the creative clusters and the creative projects in comparison with traditional cultural institutions. In general this paper provides evidence for the positive cultural and social changes in the region by reason ot the development the creative industries in St. Petersburg
The article is dedicated to the review of ways of looking at social space in the sociological theory. Basing on works of those authors, who paid special attention for this question, in the text there is considered the variety of theoretical interpretations and instrumental using the category of social space. The accent is made on application of space in the context of urban sociology. All the material is systematized according to division into three aspects of looking at social space: 1. the space of social actors's interactions; 2. the structure of status positions; 3. the connection of geographic space and social meanings that are attached to it.
Problems of social order, improvement of territories and social organization have been always acute all over the world. Scholars have provided enough evidence to talk about signi cant correlation between cues of social disorder and deviance and crime contextualized within certain historical and spatial environments. In this paper we will focus on the transformations of social (dis)order in connection with crime and landscape over time using St. Petersburg as a case-study.
Using empirical data from police reports and various characteristics of municipal ter- ritorial units of St. Petersburg we would like to verify the main hypothesis of the theory of social disorganization theory, that is, that the environment, in which the individual lives, has a signi cant impact on their behavior contextualized within normative models of so- cial order. The paper analyses the spatial distribution of crime by GIS and environmental determinants of deviations in various areas by OLS.
The paper consists of two parts. The rst part deals with historical landscapes of crime and social (dis)order in St. Petersburg (1703-1990) to highlight historically inherent models of spatial dynamics of crime characteristic of St. Petersburg as a “regular” city and a capital of the empire descended into a provincial town after 1924. The second part of the paper explains how these historical models (dis)continued in the 1990s and 2000s due to changing environments and advances in urban planning.
Tourism development in St. Petersburg, which is a major cultural centre, has improved in terms of the tourist flow; both tourism types and tourist products have become more diverse. These improvements give ground for a fairly optimistic prognosis for the tourist industry in St. Petersburg. At the same time, there are a number of factors which tend to endanger sustainable development of tourism in St. Petersburg. The current situation calls for a more flexible and innovative approach to industry development. Among these factors we can single out the pronounced seasonal character of tourism, short-term visits of most of the tourists, the rather conservative, academic image of the St. Petersburg culture, which compromises the city’s appeal as a tourist destination for certain tourist segments. Apart from that, the critical limitation imposed on the development of cultural tourism in general and of creative tourism in particular is the low involvement of the population in cultural and tourist events held in the city. All in all this makes it relevant to look for new approaches for creative tourism development in St. Petersburg as an important tool for the sustainable development of the industry.
The article aims at considering the existing and potential competitive advantages of St. Petersburg as a tourist destination on the basis of creative tourism development.