Номенклатурные сообщества советского тыла
The article is about intertext in the Samijlov's poem "Средь шумного бала".
The article is about polemics between the Samoilov's poem "Поэт и гражданин" and Selvinskij's poem "Я это видел!".
The author sums up the results of the sociological study of the political orientations of people's deputies of the Russian Federation, held in June 1990. These orientations were evaluated according to three criteria: the right — the left; authoritarianism—democracy; and plebiscitarian democracy—predisposition to / estrangement from. 466 deputies were polled, which is 44 per cent of the total number. The poll showed that the political mentality of a great part of MPs was still at the formative stage. The author describes the predominant political views of the MPs as "slightly right of the centre". He goes on to state the attitudes of the deputies to the key economic, social, ethical and other problems this country faces. The influence of "imperial ideology" is very insignificant. The controversial issue of the attitude to the October 1917 revolution plays the role of a splitting factor. The author singles out three sufficiently homogeneous groups in terms of their political selfindentification: the deputies who support Communists alone or Communists and some other parties — 41 per cent; deputies with an exclusively social-democratic orientation, or supporting social democrats plus some other parties except Communists — 36 per cent; deputies who support any parties except Communists or social democrats or those who still have no party orientation—23 per cent. Those belonging to the party/state nomenklatura make up the core of the "communist" group, intellectuals play the same role among the "social democrats". The author believes that political mentality of Russia's deputies will evolve towards the right, with the growing importance of the "social democrats" and the diminishing role of the "communists".
The article is devoted to the activities of the state institutions, the city department of education and the teachers of Moscow schools in the field of education and preparation of secondary school students for labor and defense on the eve and in the beginning of the Great Patriotic War. On the basis of archive documents the author reconstructs the preparatory measures, taken on the eve of the war to provide for the realization of children’s right to education.
The author restores the precise picture of the reorganization of school institutions during the Battle for Moscow. The author analyses the contents of school education from the point of view of motivation for military duty.