Аномия: новый подход к операционализации классического понятия
An analysis of the theory of social solidarity and social rules by French sociologist Emile Durkheim is carried out. Some new or revised interpretations of the ideas of social solidarity, social regulation, collective effervescence, anomie in Durkheim’s and Robert Merton’s theories are given.
We address the issue of anomie in the post-Communist area at the example of Ukraine. We use the data of the monitor of the Institute of Sociology of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine 1992-2010, where an adjusted version of the anomie scale of McClosky and Schaar (1965) was applied. We carry out a latent class analysis with MPLUS 7 upon the data of 2010 (N=1800). We find and describe three substantial classes – “disoriented pessimists,” “socializedoptimists,” and “socialized realists” – which enable us both to capture the state of the Ukrainian society and to understand the strategies of the individuals’ responses. We conclude that among the group of disoriented individuals, another group is widely spread in the Ukrainian society. These is individuals who agree with the existence of an overall level of disorientation in the society, but in the same time see themselves as highly oriented and aware of the societal norms and values.
The project addresses anomie and alienation theories as a means of studying the state of contemporary societies. The two theories appeared and developed separately, but with the institutionalization of psychological anomie (anomia) as well as with the extension of the notion of alienation the two theories became not only close to each other but also mixed with each other. Still, there hasn’t been enough theoretical contribution to the separation of the two concepts (Shoham 1982, Olsen 1965), and none on the separation within the alienation theory and the psychological anomie, which is claimed to be crucial for both theoretical and empirical works. The project offers a model of conceptualization of the concepts and applies it using ESS 2010.
Article puts before itself a purpose to clear specificity of the coordination between standard and non-standard social regulation of public relations in Belarus, leaning against conceptual, methodical and conceptual toolkit of phenomenological sociology and functionalism. In the attention center – communication between everyday experience of social interaction of individuals, social policy of the state and independent functioning of social structures. On this basis are established the reasons, mechanisms and forms of deviance regulation of social life in Belarus.