«Сотрудничество с Ваалом»: немецкие историки и нацизм
Belarusian Yearbook 2013 presents a comprehensive analysis of the key developments in the main sectors of the state and society. Since its inception a decade ago, the Belarusian Yearbook has evolved as a crucial annual initiative of the Belarusian analytical community to compile, conceptualize and present a chronicle of Belarus contemporary history. Contributing to Belarusian Yearbook 2013 were independent analysts and experts, as well as specialists representing varios think tanks, including the Belarusian Institute for Strategic Studies (BISS, Vilnius, Lithuania), the Research Center of the Institute for Privatization and Managment (Minsk, Belarus), NOVAK Axiometrical Research Laboratory (Warsaw, Poland), the Belarusian Ecomomic Research and Outreach Center (BEROC, Minsk, Belarus), the Center for Eastern Studies (Warsaw, Poland), the expert community of Belarus Nashe Mnenie (Our opinion), the Agency of Humanitarian Technologies, the Independent Institute of Socio-Economic and Political Studies (IISEPS), eBelarus Research Center, Agency for Social and Political Expert Appraisal.
The given work is devoted the analysis of factors which brake development of personnel potential of a modern Russian science. In connection with necessity of transition to active use of knowledge as source of growth for the answer to a question on why the eff orts undertaken by the state, dont solve a personnel problem in a science, attempt to use the approaches useful in an explanation of the new phenomena in real sector of economy, but earlier inapplicable to specifi city of scientifi c activity is made.
The paper reports the results of the cognitive mapping procedure applied to a series of interviews with the reviewers of the Russian Foundation for Basic Research. The procedure can be qualified as a qualitative research method, which allows to produce a graphic representation of the cognitive content of the respondents’ speech. The interviews touched upon the criteria and methods used by the reviewers in evaluating research proposals, as well as the value basis of the Russian scientific community. Cognitive mapping was applied to 15 interviews, which allowed to conclude that the examined group possessed coincident beliefs in regard to the following themes: recognition of the crucial value of the information about the principal investigator for the review process; understanding basic research not so much as purely curiosity driven but as aimed at a distant practical goal, which is viewed as an argument for funding a wide range of different basic research topics; accentuation of the meaning of earnings and favorable work conditions as motivations to engage in science as opposed to purely creative and self-actualizing motives; accentuation of the emigration of young talented researchers or their choice to engage a different career path as a key problem of science in Russia.