Об Угорском проекте: Теоретические концепции "клеточной глобализации", "очаговой экономики" и их приложения
The paper presents the history of the rise, as well as themes and theoretical foundations os Ugory project, a complex interdisciplinary study of rural communities and the natural capital in one of the regions of the Russian Near North. The article defines the main objectives of the project, as well as its major conceptual approaches.
Nowadays, the NearNorth of Russia undergoes a fateful epoch. The processes of destruction of the old world order in economic, social and cultural relations is not only continuing, but increasing its pace. The omnipresent destruction is manifested through the depopulation of villages and small towns, further decline in agricultural production, "consolidation" (actually closing) of educational institutions and health care centers, and the degradation of infrastructure. The compressed social space of the Middle North of Russia is shrinking in concentric circles around the regional centers, increasing the vastness of social vacuum and the white space, with the latter being gradually occupied by the mutating natural forms. In addition, yet another (opposite) trend can be identified. It is associated with the escalation of migration amongst the dwellers of the large cities, especially megalopolises, to rural areas.
Extensive development of Russian cities, especially Moscow and St. Petersburg, has revealed serious social problems that had previously not been fully taken into account. In particular, the rapid escalation and exacerbation of social problems determine the quality of life in cities. From one perspective, Moscow and St. Petersburg are represented as thriving metropolises possessing a whole set of such social attractors as rich and comfortable residential buildings, shopping malls with international brands, best restaurants, medical facilities and other requisites of the upper classes. However, parallel to these features, the quality of life in metropolitan areas is determined by such parameters as the deteriorating environmental conditions, increase in street (and other types of) crime, unsolvable traffic conditions which reduce inner-city mobility to a minimum, and the decline of anti-terrorist security.
In the Middle North of Russia, especially in the Kostroma region, one particular trend became evident: there has been a transition from the seasonal migration to dachas towards the ‘settled’ migration related not only to the summer recreation, but also to the industrial activity in the framework of modern technologies. Specifically, modern forms of labor in the field of information technology were initially (and still remain to be) exterritorial in nature. Those working with data tend to be indifferent to the location of their job – what is important to them is a point of connection to the network and a portal for entry into hyperspace.
The author examines the processes of globalization (‘cellular globalization’) in the Near North of Russia in the context of the increasing role of natural capital and the impact of the environment on the life of urban and rural communities. In the article it is discussed the transfer of the curriculum of a large modern university of the countryside ecological milieu as a part of large-scale migration trend, i.e. the invariant of the process of the transition of megapolis to the non-urban environment. The new information and communication technologies of distance learning enhance this process.
This reader contains a collection of scientific works, speeches given at various conferences, Internet-based articles and other works thematically related tothe Ugory project carried out by the Society of Professional Sociologists (SoPSo). Such issues as the current state of rural communities in the Near North of Russia, the protection of the natural environment and cultural heritage, the natural reproduction of capital, the prospects of migration of the urban'creative class' to the countryside and its subsequent work in a remote access are discussed in this reader. The collection of scholarly works has aninterdisciplinary character and brings together social scientists, economists, social geographers, specialists in the field of public administration, as well asevolutionary biologists and ecologists. In the articles of this reader, the prospects of development of the Near North of Russia, especially the Kostroma region, are explicitly outlined. The reader is intended for scientists in related disciplines, undergraduate and graduate students, as well as the residents of the Middle North of Russiawho are interested in the future of their region.
Against such a background optimism in the world of today is not a simple matter. There are no better words to describe universal feeling than those of Henry David Thoreau in “Slavery in Massachusetts:” "I have lived for the last month with the sense of having suffered a vast and indefinite loss. I did not know at first what ailed. At last it occurred to me that what I had lost was a country." Unlike Thoreau we are losing not so much our countries, although some may lose their countries as well, but something greater. We are losing the modern world, or the world of Modernity. It, and its ideals of moral progress, now rapidly disappear behind us. Our journey will end up some day with the discovery of some new global world in which all traditional moral virtues will shine as they did at times in our world, as they did when we told ourselves we might be both better off and better.
The cellular globalization process not only changes the material decor of life but radically converts the set of basic values, the notions of social time and human space, i.e. human existence as such. The historical mission of Henry Thoreau was to enable us to preserve the beauty of Walden ‘the place’ and Walden ‘the symbol’ of transcendental correspondence. The all-penetrating cellular globalization sets a new task. We need to make this world more livable not only on a worldwide scale but mainly in the place where you stay. In principle, escape mission: possible. Continuity of human experience prevails.
The results of a comprehensive study of the socio-economic, socio-geographical, ecological, socio-cultural and demographic processes occurring in Near North European part of Russia. The current state of urban and rural areas, the problem of the crisis of agriculture, power dynamics, natural attrition and migration, the ways of adaptation to the new socio-economic conditions of the past twenty years. The problems of business development and the role of urban summer residents in the preservation of dying villages, especially info-communication and media consumption of rural residents. The questions of biodiversity, natural and social capital of the region, the provision of ecosystem services. Possibilities of recreational use of the Trans-Volga and development of ecological tourism. The controversy over the impact of globalization on the rural economy and society, a trend towards the revival of economic and social archaism. Particular attention is paid to the analysis of the situation in the area Manturovsky Kostroma region, and especially in Ugory-Leontiev rural settlement, which became the main testing ground for interdisciplinary research "Ugory project."
The author examines the processes of globalization (‘cellular globalization’) in the Near North of Russia in the context of the increasing role of natural capital and the impact of the environment on the life of urban and rural communities. In the article it is discussed the transfer of the curriculum of a large modern university to the countryside ecological milieu as a part of large-scale migration trend, i.e. the invariant of the process of the transition of megapolis to the non-urban environment. The new information and communication technologies of distance learning enhance this process.