Универсальный и специфичный компоненты способности распознавания эмоциональной окраски информации
Studies of emotion recognition ability do not give an exact answer to the question whether it is a general ability of a human being. We make an attempt to cover this gap using three types of stimuli: human behavior, music, non-musical sound stimuli. Two aspects of emotion recognition ability are proposed to be distinguished. One aspect is supposed to be accuracy of emotion modality recognition, i.e. an ability to recognize correctly modality of emotional state. Another aspect might be emotion sensitivity, i.e. a bias in emotion perception such that intensity of emotions is ‘overperceived’ or 'underperceived'. The hypothesis that sensitivity is a general component and accuracy is a specific component of emotion recognition ability was partly confirmed.