Когнитивные механизмы словообразования (вторичная номинация)
Th e article is devoted to the secondary nomination. The essence of the act of nomination is to fi x the communication of the subject and name, the phenomenon and its designation, the structures of the consciousness and its object. Man picks the right means of nomination when forms a notion of an object or phenomenon. The results showed that one of the types of secondary nomination is a semantic transposition, which does not change the material appearance of rethoughtful unit and leads to formation of its new value, i.e. for multiple purposes, namely, to metaphor, in particular, an anthropomorphic comparison.
This is a review article on Artemy Magun’s book «Unity and loneliness» (Moscow: New Literary Review, 2011). The main research principles of the author are critically analysed. His book is viewed as an important contribution to the Russian political philosophy, however, there are some places in the book that should be discussed or rewritten more thoroughly.
Formation of democratic societies of the Western type presupposes appearance on the historical scene of a new strong actor - the bourgeois class: "No bourgeoisie, no democracy" (Barrington Moore). The articulation and defense of vital interests of that class creates a new social space - "the bourgeois public sphere" which helps to make up "counterbalance" to absolutism of a corporate state - a civil society, the core of which is composed by public opinion. In the confrontation between the authorities and society one of the most important roles is played by the press that provides free debate and discussion of generally valid problems, especially economic and political. The recognition of the mass media role was stamped in its characterization in XIII century as "the fourth power". Technological development of the media incredibly expanded its functions, turning journalists into creating informational analogue of reality, saturating daily life with new meanings. Methods of the representation of reality, the specific nature of political influence of journalists - key members of the reflexive elites (Helmut Shelski), are the themes of this article.
Публичная сфера, журналистика, четвертая власть, порядки знания, Повседневность, научное и повседневное знание, экспертиза, Репрезентация, public sphere, journalism, fourth estate, orders of knowledge, Everyday life, scientific and everyday knowledge, Expertise, representation
The review supports the efforts of the "Geographies of Mobilities" to develop meso- and micro- perspectives in Mobilties Studies. This rapidly growing field has been occupied mostly by macro theories focusing mostly on institutions or infrastructure of mobility and thus deminishing the significance of the everyday mobile practices and activities of the mobile subjects. Enhanced by the manifestos of non-representational/more-than-representational geographies as well as by the theories of representation, the authors consider the variety of moving subjects and technologies of movement as well as places and practices that shape the mobility and are shaped by it.
The Essence of the act of nomination is to fix the communication of the subject and name, the phenomenon and its designation, the structures of the consciousness and its object. The act of nomination is the process of speech of thinking. Man picks the right means of nomination when forms a notion of an object or phenomenon. One of the types of secondary nomination - semantic transposition, which does not change the material appearance reinterpreted unit and leads to formation of its new value, i.e. for multiple purposes, namely, to metaphor.