Необходимость гендерного подхода в изучении истории в школе
On the need to change the stereotypes embodied in school history textbooks. Write the history of gender symmetry.
This paper investigates effects of class, gender and ethnic statuses on educational achievements and aspirations of the students of Saint Petersburg schools. We discover strong gender and class inequalities in contrast to absence of any ethnic differences. Descriptive and regression analyses are used as analytical method. We claim the necessity to take into account all three structural dimensions of inequality when developing social policies in education.
The article is devoted to the reconstruction of school system in 1936, when the evidence of the world war became clear. The author investigates the processes inside the teachers community and in school training, caused by the renunciation of former policy of pupils differentiation according their intellectual abilities. On the basis of archive documents of Moscow schools the article restores the superior control mechanisms of school stuffs and the methods of school pedagogy, descended from the formulation of the new strategic aims,
This chapter reviews the representations of the Afghanistan war in school textbooks published in Russia. The authors define school textbooks as a document of public cultural memory showing what it is ‘necessary’ to know about the past. The chapter demonstrates the representations of the Afghanistan war in school textbooks published from 1990 to 2010.
The sample included 16 history textbooks. For the analysis, we divided the textbooks into four groups. The division was based on presidential transitions and therefore includes textbooks for the presidencies of Gorbachev, Yeltsin, Putin and Medvedev. The discourse analysis by Laclau and Mouffe (2001) was applied as an analytical framework.
We reveal the diversity of the representations of the Afghanistan war in different political periods. In Gorbachev’s presidency, the Afghanistan war was represented through a discourse of Soviet political dissidents. In the Yeltsin era, a discourse of Soviet political dissidents remained, but the field of discursiveness was significantly expanded. Additional discourses included the public discourse of the first years of post-Soviet Russia and the official discourse of the Soviet Union. Finally, in Putin’s time, the field of discursiveness was reduced; there was no change in the Medvedev period.
Edition includes materials of the international scientific conference RAIZHI ( Russian Studies Association women's history ) , the venue of which was elected in 2010 Cherepovets State University (Cherepovets, Vologda region). Proceedings of the conference gives an insight into the ways of development and formation of the actual scientific field - women's and gender studies in the sciences of the past, the complexities and contradictions that arise in the framework of the scientific community , as well as women's social experiences and identities of women in traditional and contemporary contexts of the policy problem legal status of women , the family and marriage in the history and culture of the peoples of Eurasia , the tender as a category of political and educational discourse , including the discourse practices of its construction , the history of women's movement .