Исчисление vs. игра: языковые игры в теоретико-игровой перспективе
The professor of Catholic University San Antonio (Spain) Joaquin Jareno Alarcon`s book "Religion and relativism in the views of Ludwig Wittgenstein" - one of the possible interpretations of the ideas and attitudes of great Austrian philosopher, an attempt to extract the religious perspective from his controversial legacy, hidden behind the logical categories. The author analyzes in detail the sources of Wittgenstein`s religious thinking; discussions around the relativistic (fideist) interpretations, the Austrian philosopher`s contribution in philosophy and logic of language in general and religious ethics, in particular.
The most comprehensive survey of Wittgenstein’s thought yet compiled, this volume of fifty newly commissioned essays by leading interpreters of his philosophy is a keynote addition to the Blackwell series on the world’s great philosophers, covering everything from Wittgenstein’s intellectual development to the latest interpretations of his hugely influential ideas. The lucid, engaging commentary also reviews Wittgenstein’s historical legacy and his continued impact on contemporary philosophical debate.
This volume contains the proceedings of the 38th Wittgenstein Symposium, Kircheberg am Wechsel, Austria, 2015. The contributions focus on the relevance of Wittgenstein's philosophy for questions concerning realism, relativism, and constructivism.
The paper deals with deliberate strikethrough in blogs as a form of word play. We propose a description of strikethrough from the point of view of pragmatics. We analyze the frequency of using strikethrough and choosing one of its two types in Russian and other languages. We also describe in detail substitutes for deliberate strikethrough in other communicative environments such as oral speech, literary works, different platforms on the Web. We pay special attention to «verbal strikethrough» in social networks which is implemented using the word «začerknuto» (lit. «crossed out»).
The paper draws attention to the epistemological obstacles that prevented Wittgenstein from acknowledging the modern view of modal logic, including the so-called propositional attitudes. Whilst suggesting a retrospective overview of the logic of epistemic modalities, it is argued that such obstacles primarily rely upon the nature of the logical space depicted in the Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus as well as the metaphysical status of the subject. Some relevant quotes are recalled to justify the essentially universal feature of logic according to the early Wittgenstein.
The questions considered in this review of the recently published book "There Is No Such Thing as a Social Science" by Phil Hutchinson, Rupert Read, and Wes Sharrock, pertain to the philosophy of the methodology of social sciences: what research problems can sociology study? is it possible for sociology to study social world as an empirical world, and what consequences will this sociologists' empirical attitude toward their subject have? The review explores how the authors of the book, with the help of Peter Winch's philosophy of the social sciences, criticize the project of sociology as an empirical enterprise. Then their own project of sociology is critically examined.
It turns out, however, that in spite of one basic difference there runs between these two systems a deep and striking parallelism. This parallelism is so close indeed that it makes possible the construction of a vocabulary which would transform characteristic propositions of Wittgenstein's ontology into Aristotelian ones, and conversely. To show in some detail the workings of that transformation will be the subject of this paper.