In this study with using of the small-signal theory of discrete electron-wave interaction in the passbands and stopbands resonator slow-wave systems (SWS) of power traveling-wave tubes (TWT), obtain the characteristic equation for the propagation constants of the 4-electron waves produced in the interaction of the electron beam forward and backward electromagnetic waves of SWS. The analysis of solutions of this equation, which allowed to establish the specific characteristics of these waves are compared with the known properties of electron waves in a "smooth", such as helical SWS. On the basis of solving the boundary value problem for the SWS segments were simulated and found gain of multisection TWT with transparent section and stopsection, as well as, the distribution of fields and currents along the stopsection.
This article contains analysis of properties discrete electron-wave interaction in resonance slow-wave system (SWS). Equations of interaction are written in matrix form. Eigenvalues of transfer matrix with electron beam define spread constant of four electron waves. Features of electron waves in SWS with «smooth» energy stream and in SWS with «winding» flow are examined. Simulation is performed and amplification of multi-section TWT with passband and stopband sections of SWS is found. Field distribution along stopband section is found.