Collaboration between universities and industry for the development of intellectual resources in Russia
One of the latest initiatives of the government innovation policy is the proposal for state-owned companies concerning the formation of innovation development programs. The ultimate goal of these programs is to increase the efficiency of state-owned companies and the demand for their products. In particular, state companies can use different mechanisms for the improvement of their innovation development and to increase the share of output of innovative products in the total output. Among these mechanisms we distinguish technology platforms, clusters, venture funds, cooperation with universities etc.
Growth model based on innovations is a key factor of global competitiveness in the modern world on the post-industrial stage of development. State effortsareinneedtosupportcreationofthe efficient institutes of the knowledge-basedeconomy butthe state financing of innovation companies should not demotivate private business to take an active part in the innovation development and to catalyze the business (taking a part of its risks) instead of replacing venture capital with the budget subsidies.
This monograph focuses on the nature of factors and mechanisms of the innovation processes in the Regional innovation systems with catch-up type of economy. The monograph shows that the further development of cooperation of innovation entities and the development of technological entrepreneurship in the regions of Russia is impossible without a planned and systematic processes of regionalization of the innovation business ecosystem.
The monograph substantiates that the state-owned private Regional Center for Incubation and Acceleration and the multifunctional state Single Regional Investment Fund should become the basis for the development of the ecosystem of innovative entrepreneurship in the region of the country.
The monograph is intended for researchers, graduate students, students specializing in the field of innovation management, as well as managers and decision makers who are responsible for the development of regional innovation systems.
This article examines the evolution of the significance of cluster territories in resource - driven economies. Authors provides an analysis of factors in turning a territory into a habitat for an industrial cluster. Authors proposes stages in transforming an industrial cluster into an innovation cluster based on saturating the base territory with spatially affined production and scientific units, strong direct and indirect relations, and intensive knowledge flows. The outcome of geographic concentration is expected to be the cluster synergy effects, which "turns into" the cumulative territory effect with reflection in positive social - economic processes. Authors have conducted the testing of particular cluster territories for the intensity of using a cluster territory.
The article raises question of reviewing the innovative systems in the Russian Federation. Problems of introduction of innovations are raised and the existing difficulties and prospects of development of innovative systems in Russia are considered.