Дискуссия Р.М. Нуреева на тему: "Есть ли место политэкономии в современной экономической науке?".
We analyze political economy of Russian Vertical-of-Power in federal-regional aspects. In the year 2008 in Russia new president (the formal head of Russian government) was elected, in the next elections to come in the 2012 most probably that Putin is going to return his formal presidential chair. In this paper we test if governor appointed by new president followed by extra federal money (extra payments from federal budget to regional budget). There are two hypotheses: if new governor appointed by new president leads to significant increase in payments from federal budget to regional budget or there were no changes in payments from federal budget to regional budget. The data analysis confirms the first hypothesis.
The article deals with the economic consequences of the Industrial Revolution. Detailed analysis of gold standard and its evolution is provided. Aggravation of social contradictions in the first half of the XIX century led to the creation of utopian projects of reconstruction of the world. The paper analyzes the political economy of labor, its formation, development and historical destiny.