Сравнение онлайн-сообществ на основе лексического анализа ленты новостей
An approach is suggested to formal evaluation of an online community on the base of lexical analysis of the news feed.
The article examines Russian Harry Potter fan fiction as an anthropological source. The analysis focuses on fan fiction as a cultural practice, Russian online communities devoted to the continuation of Harry Potter stories and their common values, reading strategies and practices of writing. Given that Russian Harry Potter fan fiction writers and readers are mostly women, the author pays attention to gender norms as they are represented in fan fiction texts and reading practices. The article explores the central role that individual choice plays in fan fiction axiology, the representations of sex and corresponding problems of the language, the images of family which are produced and discussed in the community and the possibilities that slash as a fictional frame provides for the manifestation of the community’s essential values.
In this paper we explore main patterns of communication and cooperation in online groups created by residents of apartment buildings in St.Petersburg in social networking site “VK”. Using word-frequency analysis and Latent Dirichlet Allocation (LDA) we discovered main discussion topics in online groups. We have also found that communication of neighbors in these groups is predominantly connected with material needs and directed to solve common problems, such as related to building improvement, management company and in-fill constructions near their house. Based on online observations of city activists, we suggest that dynamic nature of SNS allows online community which is dedicated to particular problem to avoid it’s breakdown after the resolution of the original issue.
Background: The rise of social media proved to be a fertile ground for the expansion of AIDS-denialist movement (in the form of online communities). While there is substantial literature devoted to disproving AIDS-denialist views there is dearth of studies exploring AIDS-denialists as online communities that interact with external environment.
Objective: We explored three research questions: why newcomers come to an AIDS-denialist community; what are patterns of interactions of the community with the newcomers; what are rhetorical strategies that denialists employ for persuasion in the veracity of their views.
Methods: We studied the largest AIDS-denialist community in one of the most popular social networking services in Russia. We used netnography as a method for collecting data for qualitative analysis. We observed the community during 9 months (at least 2-3 times a week). While doing netnography we periodically downloaded the community discussions. In total we have downloaded 4821 posts and comments for analysis. Grounded theory approach was used for data analysis.
Results: Most come to the community for the following reasons: their stories do not fit the unitary picture of AIDS disease progression translated by popular and popular medical discourses; health problems; concern about HIV-positive tests; desire to dissuade the community members from false AIDS-beliefs. On the basis of strength in AIDS-denialist beliefs we constructed a typology of the newcomers that consists of the three idealtypical groups: ‘convinced’ (who already had become denialists before coming to the group); ‘doubters’ – who are undecided as to the truth of either HIV science theory or AIDS-denialist theory; ‘orthodox’ – who openly hold HIV science views. Reception of a newcomer mainly depends on the newcomer’s belief status – it is very warm for ‘convinced’, cold or slightly hostile for ‘doubters’ and extremely hostile or derisive for ‘orthodox’. We identified sixth main rhetorical strategies of persuasion of the “undecided” on the issue used by denialists.
Conclusions: Contrary to the widespread public health depictions of AIDS-denialists as totally irrational, our study suggests that some of those who become AIDS-denialist have sufficiently reasonable grounds to suspect that 'something is wrong' with the scientific theory because their personal experience contradicts the unitary picture of AIDS disease progression they have in mind. Odd and inexplicable practices of some AIDS-centers only fuel these people's suspicions. We can conclude that public health practitioners’ practices may play a role in generating AIDS-denialists sentiments. In interactions with the newcomers the experienced community members highlighted the importance of personal autonomy and freedom of choice in decision-making consistent with the consumerist ideology of healthcare. The study findings suggest that healthcare workers should change a one-size-fits-all mode of counseling for a more complex and patient-tailored approach, allowing for diversity of disease progression scenarios and scientific uncertainty.