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Regular version of the site

Book chapter

Людвиг Витгенштейн и зайцы

С. 144-153.
Шамис Д. А.

The main term of this article is the consequence for the problem of nomination, which comes from the main principle of Wittgenstein’s formal ontology: the world and the thinking of the world, expressed in language, have the same logical structure. The logical form itself expresses the forms of objects, which are space, time and color. Hence, the logical and the ontological necessity are identical, as well as the logical and the ontological possibility. Therefore the occurrence of objects in facts is determined by the logical space of possibilities and by nothing else. The occurrence of an object in a fact as something that is the case is accidental. Only the form, which is the form of any state of affairs, is necessary. The proposition “Rabbit cooks cabbage soup” is taken as an example for this statement. The properties of objects are the facts, in which they can occur. That’s why they are accidental. Thus, all objects are identical as the substance of the world, as material points in the logical space. That means that there’re infinitely many possibilities of their occurrence in facts. So, why rabbits do not cook cabbage soup but eat cabbage? This question can be answered only after addressing to what will make this accident not accidental. That is the sense, which lies outside the world.

In book

Людвиг Витгенштейн и зайцы
Edited by: Ю. В. Горбатова Вып. 2. СПб.: Алетейя, 2011.