Laurea Lorae. Сборник памяти Ларисы Георгиевны Степановой
The purpose of this article is to identify the essence of the Italian value system after the Second World War through the analysis of the texts of the first nine “Strega” prize winners (1947-1955). The hypothesis of the article supposes the presence in such distinct literary works of the equally increased value of the conscious axiological position of the subject. The common denominator between the protagonists of the novels and stories in question, identified during the research, is a desperate need for the acquisition of a renewed value system, which requires a prolonged period of time and a great degree of purposeful spiritual effort. Some values were destined to be bluntly rejected; others were to be bestowed with new social and cultural meaning; while yet others were generated from scratch. This article contains an overview of such important and relevant values as civic awareness, human life itself and its simple fluctuations, the value of personal emotional experience; aspiration for truth; value of love, togetherness and mutual assistance; and, last but not least, the value of a proper national identity, inseparable from aesthetic values and the concept of “beauty”, which have always been reference points for the Italian way of perceiving the world.
The novel of Elsa Morante «History» (1974) is studied. Elsa Morante is a prominent Italian writer of the XX-th century. The genre characteristics, the features of historical novel and connections with classical French and Russian literatures are analyzed. The novel relates to the Second World War, it is based on the narration of stories of lives of simple people, and the influence of macro-history to the micro-history is shown. In the conclusion it is revealed that the novel «History» is a manifest against violence in general. «History» is a chronicle, based on different testimonies and on the life experience of the author. The language and the style completely correspond to the genre of chronicle.