Структура и функции профессиональной активности в интегральной индивидуальности (на материале учителей начальных классов) (автореферат диссертации на соискание ученой степени канд. психол. наук)
The results of a pilot study on the role of professional activity in the structure of integral individuality of primary school teachers
Studying the consequences of performance pay. Comments to Victor Lavys article «Performance pay and teachers effort, productivity and grading ethics» The author reviews the principal directions of the research on the effects of performance pay in schools on students grades and on the behavior of teachers. Analyzed are methodological particularities of various studies. A conclusion is made concerning the prospective usefulness of V. Lavys methods of the evaluation of new teacher pay systems.
учителя, Мотивация, стимулирование, оплата по результату, рейтинги, принципы оценивания учеников, Социальная политика, Teachers, Motivation, incentive creation, performance pay, Ratings, grading principles, social policies
New approaches in adult education are studied in the article. Specific particularities of instructors' professional activities in business-education are determined by the author. Special attention is given to the active methods of education in the adults' education process.
The textbook summarizes and systematizes the existing theoretical research and practical developments in the field of conflictology in accordance with modern requirements, to develop a unified approach to the preparation and conduct of training sessions with students who are trained in the disciplines of "Conflictology", "The use of profiling in management activities"," The formation of the personnel policy of the organization "under the master's program in the direction of training 38.04.02 "Management", 38.04.03 "Personnel Management", 38.04.04 "State and Municipal Management".
The training manual helps to increase the level of socio-psychological competence of managers and employees of internal affairs bodies.
The distractive effects on attentional task performance in different paradigms are analyzed in this paper. I demonstrate how distractors may negatively affect (interference effect), positively (redundancy effect) or neutrally (null effect). Distractor effects described in literature are classified in accordance with their hypothetical source. The general rule of the theory is also introduced. It contains the formal prediction of the particular distractor effect, based on entropy and redundancy measures from the mathematical theory of communication (Shannon, 1948). Single- vs dual-process frameworks are considered for hypothetical mechanisms which underpin the distractor effects. Distractor profiles (DPs) are also introduced for the formalization and simple visualization of experimental data concerning the distractor effects. Typical shapes of DPs and their interpretations are discussed with examples from three frequently cited experiments. Finally, the paper introduces hierarchical hypothesis that states the level-fashion modulating interrelations between distractor effects of different classes.
This article describes the expierence of studying factors influencing the social well-being of educational migrants as mesured by means of a psychological well-being scale (A. Perrudet-Badoux, G.A. Mendelsohn, J.Chiche, 1988) previously adapted for Russian by M.V. Sokolova. A statistical analysis of the scale's reliability is performed. Trends in dynamics of subjective well-being are indentified on the basis the correlations analysis between the condbtbions of adaptation and its success rate, and potential mechanisms for developing subjective well-being among student migrants living in student hostels are described. Particular attention is paid to commuting as a factor of adaptation.