Анализ зарубежных практик общественной оценки деятельности высших учебных заведений
International cooperation of experts, teachers of higher educational institutions is of great importance for long periods of time. The message described a five-year experience of international cooperation of the United editorial Board of scientific journals (UEBSJ) as an integrative platform between Russian and foreign universities. First and foremost there are strong research links through the publications of UEBSJ between the Bulgarian and Uzbek universities.
In 2006, Russia amended its competition law and added the concepts of ‘collective dominance’ and its abuse. This was seen as an attempt to address the common problem of ‘conscious parallelism’ among firms in concentrated industries. Critics feared that the enforcement of this provision would become tantamount to government regulation of prices. In this paper we examine the enforcement experience to date, looking especially closely at sanctions imposed on firms in the oil industry. Some difficulties and complications experienced in enforcement are analysed, and some alternative strategies for addressing anticompetitive behaviour in concentrated industries discussed.