Экспорт продукции военного назначения: использование метолов и подходов поведенческих финансов в маркетинге и продвижении
The article presents the results of foreign trade block modelling, as an integrated part of the Input-Output tool, including sub-blocks with calculations of imports and exports. Factor demand functions for imports are described, as well as demand functions for Russian non-energy exports. Method of transition from export forecast estimates compiled in groups of customs classifier to national commodity classifier is described.
The article addresses the main issues hindering adaptation of Russian business to the terms and standards of the World Trade Organization in the framework of international economic integration. The author outlines the main areas of cooperation between business and government, as well as proposes some of the methods for the adaptation of Russian business in the framework of Russia’s accession to the WTO and entering the international trade space. The close relationship between the processes of international economic integration and adaptation of Russian business to the standards and norms of the World Trade Organization is emphasized.
The author analyses positions of the USA and Russia in modern international economic relations. The article considers role and place of both countries in the international trade and on the world determine the distinctions in these positions. An article pays special attention to international economic globalization, its factors and consequences, both positive and negative. Besides the author analyses regional aspects of international trade and investment activity of the USA and Russia.
We examine the transformation of export (import) commodity structure for 77 countries from 2001 to 2015 and consider the links between changes in the extent of export (import) diversification and the share of intra-industry trade, accounting for countries’ size (PPP GDP) and per capita income (per capita PPP GDP). We apply Theil index to assess the extent of international trade diversification, while the share of intra-industry trade is calculated using Grubel-Lloyd index. The importance of the between and the within components of Theil index for the case of export and import concentration is compared for the first time in the literature. We find that the within component makes the largest contribution to the change in the extent of export and, especially, import diversification, while the between component is important only for a limited number of countries (oil exporters, some developed countries). Our results show that rapid changes in the share of intra-industry trade over the period were experienced only in countries with the high contribution of the within component in the Theil index. We also demonstrate that countries’ size or per capita income only partially impact the nature of structural transformation: on the one hand, export and import bundle for developing countries tends to diversify, while it is more likely to concentrate for developed countries; on the other hand, the share of the within component in the Theil index is virtually not affected by size and per capita income.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.