Анализ социально-экономического положения многодетных семей
The Russian variant of land readjustment deals with vacant lands inside or just beyond the city border. In 2011, federal law allowed municipal authorities to provide multi-child families with free land plots. The definite size of land plots (between 0.04 – 0.15 hectares/ 0.09 -0.5 acres [5, 7]), their location, and level of infrastructure provision were under the jurisdiction of the local administration. The first implementation experience of the law showed that the land plots provided to the families were poorly located and needed an enormous amount of additional investment into infrastructure, construction of housing, etc. Moreover, the lack of financial resources pushed the families to sell their land plots at low prices; therefore, the objective of the law was not fulfilled. Because of this setback, the Federal Agency of Housing Construction Financing (AHCF) created the program of multi-child cooperatives.
The article analyses the experience of social support of mothers and children in Russian
regions. Family policy in the regions is characterized by a variety of measures, approaches
and directions of activity. A special part is assigned to social assistance for families with
many children and to regional maternity capital which is enacted into law in 73 RF subjects
and is granted only to families with many children. And the range of its application is significantly
wider then provided for by the federal law, as this more corresponds with the needs of
The article analyzes the large families’ life practices using the RLMS-HSE data. The characteristics of large families’ life practices as compared to other types of families (with/without children) are identified. The specificity of participation of large families’ members in labor force is shown, the issue of «double employment» of women is raised. Ways of delegating responsibilities for child care, as well as the possibilities of receiving assistance and transfers are analyzed. There are no significant differences in the level of self-preserving behavior of large families (other than alcohol consumption) compared with other types of families, however, the self-reported health level of large families’ members was higher. In addition, there is a higher level of subjective well-being against the background of lower objective income indicators.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.