Предотвращение и противодействие распространению рабства и торговли людьми в Российской Федерации
This article deals with the urgent legislative and criminological issues of combating trafficking of human beings. The author analyzes principal trends in slavery legislation, transformation of slavery from legal economic activity to criminal activity, and also gives a brief overview of slavery and trafficking of human beings as a social phenomenon. Main subjects of the article are Russian legislature on trafficking of human beings, its issues and drafting, comparison of the Russian criminal law on trafficking of human beings (art. 1271, 1272 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation) with corresponding propositions of the civil law of the Russian Federation (sale-purchase, permutation etc.). In the final part the article gives examples of actual legal norms, taken from legislature of the countries, leading in the process of combating trafficking of human beings (such as USA and countries of the European Union), and describes the current condition of the Russian legislature on trafficking of human beings and its expected efficiency.
Socio-psychological conditions for origin of victimity and victim behavior of girls – victims of sex slavery have been studied. The study was conducted in the Moscow rehabilitation center of International Organization for Migration for the victims of traffi cking. 78 females – victims of sex slavery aging 15–35 constitute the main group in the study; the control group consists of 100 female students of the university aging 18–25 years. Signifi cant differences in the level of socialization, personality characteristics, and conditions of socialization were revealed between groups. Six groups of key socio-psychological features characterizing cognitive, emotional and volitional, personality factors of victimization, rehabilitation potential, traumatic experience, typical for female victims of sex slavery were identifi ed by means of factor analysis. It was proved that victimity as a socio-psychological mechanism of social behavior regulation correlates with girls’ diffi cult life situation, as well as with social immaturity, which is a consequence of unfavorable conditions of socialization.
The article describes the program of psychological training sessions on coping behavior for survivors of sextrafficking. The program includes art therapy, Gestalt and existential techniques of group work, as well as elements of social-psychological training. In addition to group training sessions we held individual psychological counseling session with the survivors, using cognitive therapy, systemic family counseling and psychotrauma work techniques.