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The collected papers contain articles by famous and young scientists on actual problems of philology (cognitive linguistics, lexical semantics, semiotics, pragmatics, text linguistics, stylistics; poetics, literary criticism; translation, intercultural communication). The issue also presents research on foreign language teaching methods. The edition is addressed to linguists, translators, teachers, postgraduates, students and a wide readership.
The Ring Around Egypt: Isolationist Motives in the Book of Victory over Seth and in the Satrap Stela Ladynin Ivan A., Karlova Ksenia F. The article considers a fragment of the so-called Book of Victory over Seth (a text of the fourth century B.C. aimed at the magical defeat of the god Seth and, respectively, Egypt’s foreign foes). This fragment (Urk. VI. 29. 8–15) seems to reflect the notion that the foreign lands around Egypt (their ‘circle’, dbn) were the habitation of the ‘dead’ (mwt) Seth and a dangerous and totally strange world. Any foreign expansion had therefore no value. This notion correlates well with the concept of the Satrap Stela of 311 B.C. presenting the wars of the Satrap Ptolemy as defensive and juxtaposing Egypt with all other countries, with similar allusions to the image of Seth. Probably, the isolationist concept of both texts was largely the same and was intended to explain Egypt’s inability under Dynasty XXX and later under the Satrap Ptolemy to eliminate, respectively, the menace from Persians and from Antigonus and Demetrius.
The paper presents major linguocognitive characteristics of the cultural concept AMERICAN MATERIALISM with consideration of its role in the American national linguistic worldview as well as of its evaluation dynamics. The research is carried out using the material of historical and publicistic texts devoted to American culture and mentality and through the analysis of the definitions of the word «materialism» provided in modern English language dictionaries. The study reveals the evaluative components of the given concept from both synchronic and diachronic perspectives and highlights the linguistic means which serve to verbalize the concept on the whole and its emotional-expressive side in particular. The definitional analysis also helps to single out the core semantic components of the concept AMERICAN MATERIALISM.