Проблемы рыночной экономики и права: Сборник научных трудов межвузовской конференции
The article deals with the interaction of economic and political drivers making China’s maritime activity more and more intense. Basic trends of development in the key spheres of marine economy (i.e., sea ports, transport, shipbuilding, fishing and aquaculture, оffshore oil and gas extraction) are studied in depth. The author argues that the internal disbalances in China’s marine economy lead to its expansion abroad. The dynamics of maritime territorial disputes in the China’s nearest seas is analyzed in details. The article also shows that the maritime sphere has become one of the hot spots in the emerging Sino – US clash of rival interests.
The article explores France's territorial disputes in Europe and beyond (in French overseas territories), as well as disputes settlement approaches adopted by Paris. The author outlines the historical background of the disputes and the motives that guide France in allocating significant funds for the maintenance of high-cost overseas territories, some of them are disputed by regional countries. In Europe France relies on both bilateral mechanisms and EU instruments to resolve disputes. The French territorial disagreements with other countries remain more acute in the overseas lands of France than in Europe. Paris promotes a method of gradual settlement based on the idea that the joint development of disputed areas allows to mitigate contradictions and to create conditions for a long-term territorial settlement. The French overseas Department of Mayotte is a special territorial case: the Union of the Comoros claims for this territory are supported by the UN. The French rationale for retaining Mayotte as part of France despite the UN decision is based on the results of several referendums, when the island's residents voted for this idea.
Understanding ‘sovereignty' as one and indivisible substance is very convenient for politicians and lawyers, but in the modern political reality it is hardly achievable. Alternative approaches to sovereignty, which imply the possibility of blending the legal systems of different states in the same territory, considerably expand opportunities for resolving territorial disputes. In this article vast historical material is used to illustrate the experience of implementing various models of territorial governance, such as an associated state, transboundary region, sovereign region, leased territory, free territory, no-man's territory, buffer zone, temporary administration, condominium, and commune. The described set of options may help break the deadlock in negotiations on almost any territorial dispute, provided the parties concerned have the political will to achieve a peaceful compromise.
The Russian Far North is immensely rich in resources, both energy and other resources, and is also one of the least developed regions of Russia. This book presents a comprehensive overview of the region. It examines resource issues and the related environmental problems, considers the Arctic and the problems of sea routes, maritime boundaries and military build-up, assesses economic development, and considers the ethnic peoples of the region and also cultural and artistic subjects. Overall, the book provides a rich appraisal of how the region is likely to develop in future.