Внешняя политика администрации Б. Обамы (2009-2012 гг.)
The twenty years period that had started in the 1990-s has marked the period of financial and economic activism in US foreign policy. Americam wekkbeing has been to a large extent been formed by the US policy in regard to international financial and monetary intstitutions, the dollarization policy, the promotion of ecomomic liberalism. Political and economic might of United States combined with the hegemonic position in the world financial and economnic system helped United States build the global economnic order which to a degree fits everybody's interests, but first and foremost - US interests.
This edited volume looks into the main directions of US policy in Asia-Pacific. As the center of world econoomic development moves into the Pacific, political, social and econoic characteristics of Pacific Rim countries become more important, as well as the nature of their relations with the United States.
The evolution of the institute of the head of state in the USA from the time of its appearance has been studied. The figures of American presidents with an emphasis on their major successes and failures during their term of office are chronologically represented. At the same time, the heads of the American state are represented both as individuals: their enthusiasm, interests that lie both in the plane of public and political life, and outside of politics. The book will be interesting as a student who studies the issues of international politics, as well as a wide range of readers interested in the political dynamics in the United States in its historical context.
For the first time since World War II, the U.S. seem to lose leadership at the multilateral trade talks shifting accents to bilateral and regional trade cooperation. The main reason for the shift is a deadlock at the WTO Doha-round negotiations where the U.S. face opposition of the steadily growing economies of India, China and Brazil.
Торговые переговоры, ГАТТ, ВТО, США, многосторонняя торговая система, ЕС, Япония, ИНДИЯ, КИТАЙ, Бразилия, Дж. Буш-мл., Б. Обама, М. Баррозу, Р. Зеллик, П. Лами, Р. Кирк, Л. да Силва, Карел де Гюхт, АТЭС, НАФТА, АСЕАН, трансатлантическое партнерство, "двадцатка", trade talks, GATT, WTO, U.S., Multilateral Trading System, Eu, Japan, India, China, Brazil, G.-W. Bush, B. Obama, M. Barrozo, R. Zoellick, P. Lamy, R. Kirk, L. da Silva, Karel de Gucht, APEC, NAFTA, ASEAN, Transatlantic Partnership, G 20
The chapter reviews the dynamics of Russian public interest in the US president and Russian public opinion towards the USA and Barack Obama between 2008 and 2013. The results indicate that Russians are predominantly indifferent towards Barack Obama and the USA in general. However, a negative attitude growth trend in 2012-2013 is evident, most likely associated with Russian state propaganda in response to the Magnitsky Act. The author discusses these facts and proposes a psychological explanation to the Russian reaction based on the psychodynamic notion of defense mechanisms.
The new B. Obama military strategy is analyzed.
Despite the fact that Russian - American relations do not occupy the central place in international political agenda< new cofrontation is the most important round in the struggle for the new international order sonce the Cold war.
In the article the author examines the correlation between the traditional values of American society and creation of a positive image of a politician in the US political discourse. The author also makes an overview of the rhetorical devices used to create the positive image of the US president based on a series of well-known speeches by the 44th President of the USA Barack Obama. The article draws attention to the fact that this strategy of formation of a positive image may be effective both in that country and abroad.
The article deals with the processes of building the information society and security in the CIS in accordance with modern conditions. The main objective is to review existing mechanisms for the formation of a common information space in the Eurasian region, regarded as one of the essential aspects of international integration. The theoretical significance of the work is to determine the main controls of the regional information infrastructure, improved by the development of communication features in a rapid process.The practical component consists in determining the future policies of the region under consideration in building the information society. The study authors used historical-descriptive approach and factual analysis of events having to do with drawing the contours of today's global information society in the regional refraction.
The main result is the fact that the development of information and communication technologies, and network resources leads to increased threats of destabilization of the socio-political situation in view of the emergence of multiple centers that generate the ideological and psychological background. Keeping focused information policy can not be conceived without the collective participation of States in the first place, members of the group leaders of integration - Russia, Belarus and Kazakhstan. Currently, only produced a comprehensive approach to security in the information field in the Eurasian region, but the events in the world, largely thanks to modern technology, make the search for an exit strategy with a much higher speed. The article contributes to the science of international relations, engaging in interdisciplinary thinking that is associated with a transition period in the development of society. A study of current conditions in their relation to the current socio-political patterns of the authors leads to conclusions about the need for cooperation with the network centers of power in the modern information environment, the formation of alternative models of networking, especially in innovation and scientific and technical areas of information policy, and expanding the integration of the field in this region on the information content.
We address the external effects on public sector efficiency measures acquired using Data Envelopment Analysis. We use the health care system in Russian regions in 2011 to evaluate modern approaches to accounting for external effects. We propose a promising method of correcting DEA efficiency measures. Despite the multiple advantages DEA offers, the usage of this approach carries with it a number of methodological difficulties. Accounting for multiple factors of efficiency calls for more complex methods, among which the most promising are DMU clustering and calculating local production possibility frontiers. Using regression models for estimate correction requires further study due to possible systematic errors during estimation. A mixture of data correction and DMU clustering together with multi-stage DEA seems most promising at the moment. Analyzing several stages of transforming society’s resources into social welfare will allow for picking out the weak points in a state agency’s work.