Наука и образование. Межвузовский сборник научных трудов
In the article the main tendencies and problems of development of the Russian pharmaceutical industry and the pharmaceutical market are considered. It is shown that low competitiveness of pharmaceutical industry and a high share of an import in the domestic pharmaceutical market are in many respects caused by low innovative activity of the Russian pharmaceutical companies. The contents «Strategy of development of pharmaceutical industry of the Russian Federation for the period till 2020» in interrelation with a complex of system problems of the Russian pharmaceutical industry and prospects of realization of innovative option of its modernization is considered and analysed.
Article gives a characteristics of workforce and examines principals and approaches to development of it s innovation in modern conditions.
Prospects of modernization of Russian education on the basis of realization of the possibities given by an information society are discussed. Conditions of formation and development of the information-communication educational space are studied. The concept of the intellectual control system of innovative development of the Russian educational complex in the conditions of information society is stated/
The concept of an information-analytical Internet-portal of the Russian medical industrial complex as the basis of the intellectual control system of innovative development of the MIC is stated.
Students' internet usage attracts the attention of many researchers in different countries. Differences in internet penetration in diverse countries lead us to ask about the interaction of medium and culture in this process. In this paper we present an analysis based on a sample of 825 students from 18 Russian universities and discuss findings on particularities of students' ICT usage. On the background of the findings of the study, based on data collected in 2008-2009 year during a project "A сross-cultural study of the new learning culture formation in Germany and Russia", we discuss the problem of plagiarism in Russia, the availability of ICT features in Russian universities and an evaluation of the attractiveness of different categories of ICT usage and gender specifics in the use of ICT.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.