Спорт, олимпизм, олимпийский край: навстречу XXII Олимпийским зимним играм и XI Паралимпийским зимним играм 2014 года в городе Сочи: материалы II Всероссийской заочной научно-практической конференции
Low level of physical activity among working people is a common problem in many countries including Russia. Despite the increase in recent years in the share of people who are physically active, the level of physical inactivity of Russian workers is still significant, which reduces the effectiveness of resources aimed at improving the health of the Russian population. Studying the changes in the level of physical activity of the working Russian citizens and reviewing its most common types, the authors determine the factors encouraging physical activities and sports. The article identifies the distinguishing features of physical activity among Russian workers, the analysis of the determinants of physical activity, and factors putting obstacles in the way of sport participation. A comprehensive analysis of correlates of physical activity was conducted based on public opinion surveys commissioned by the HSE and carried out by Levada Analytical Center in 2011 and 2017 years. The sample includes employed respondents, both males and females (females aged 25 to 55 years and males aged 25 to 60 years).
The article deals with the issues of additional guarantees and compensations that can be provided to the athlete by the employer within the framework of the employment contract. The authors justify that some such additional guarantees and compensations can be attributed to guarantees and compensations in the field of social security.
Sneakers. Cultural history of sport shoes is first academic book about sneakers published in russian.
This paper represents analysis of software development patterns, tools and development environments for creating mobile applications, and realization of analytic technologies for data stored in application. The practical part of the work is a brief description of creation cyclist mobile application by the selected methods, confirming the possibility of implementing the tasks set by the customer using the described technologies.
The issue of change of sports citizenship is complex and controversial topic for such a branch of law as sports law. Sports citizenship is an institution that describes the athlete’s legal relationship with a state, defines the athlete’s professional relations with national sports federations, assumes the opportunity to play for one or another national team, as well as the opportunity to play in national sports competitions without limitations. This issue has double regulation, including national legislation about citizenship, as well as local acts of international sports federations. In the framework of this article, the author will analyze the local acts of international sports federations in the context of the rules for changing sports citizenship. The analysis will be based on international sports federations that are part of the Olympic Games system. The practice of resolving issues of changing sports citizenship shows that the possibilities for changing sports citizenship vary greatly in game and individual sports. Sports federations try to prevent the arbitrary change of citizenship by introducing such restrictions as a ban on changing sports citizenship, quarantine when changing citizenship, limiting the number of cases of changing sports citizenship. The change of citizenship among athletes has recently become widespread. The introduction of a preferential procedure for obtaining citizenship, which is established in national legislation on citizenship, also contributes to this.
We address the external effects on public sector efficiency measures acquired using Data Envelopment Analysis. We use the health care system in Russian regions in 2011 to evaluate modern approaches to accounting for external effects. We propose a promising method of correcting DEA efficiency measures. Despite the multiple advantages DEA offers, the usage of this approach carries with it a number of methodological difficulties. Accounting for multiple factors of efficiency calls for more complex methods, among which the most promising are DMU clustering and calculating local production possibility frontiers. Using regression models for estimate correction requires further study due to possible systematic errors during estimation. A mixture of data correction and DMU clustering together with multi-stage DEA seems most promising at the moment. Analyzing several stages of transforming society’s resources into social welfare will allow for picking out the weak points in a state agency’s work.