Россия 2030 глазами молодых ученых. Сборник материалов III Всероссийской научно-практической конференции
Per 2011-2012 the federal information resource will be created; duplicating typical decisions in treatment-and-prophylactic establishments, in territorial funds of obligatory medical insurance and controls is carried out by regional public health services; the federal electronic medical library and portal of the main experts is created; the decision is developed for operative round-the-clock monitoring a state of health of the person; the uniform network of an information exchange is generated. The basic results consist in introduction of an electronic medical card of the citizen which follows its moving; in treatment-and-prophylactic establishments service of electronic record to the doctor in all subjects of the Russian Federation is started; are organized inter-regional interaction on obligatory medical insurance on the basis of the uniform standard-help information; it is put into operation in all territory of the country the uniform policy of obligatory medical insurance. Approbation of these decisions is planned in medical institutions of Moscow, St.-Petersburg and Krasnoyarsk region. Approbation of these decisions is planned in medical institutions of Moscow, St.-Petersburg and Krasnoyarsk region.
Till 2008 remuneration system based on the unified tariff scale was officially implemented for the public sector of the Russian economy. New remuneration system (NRS) is intended to differentiate wages more clearly, bring it into compliance with output of labour input, eliminate the disproportion in the structure of employment, which are common for public sector. In this work was made an effort to estimate results of the remuneration reform with the example of medical institutions of three regions, which sequentially introduced NRS in 2008-2009. The estimates based on the Monitoring of healthcare economic problems microdata reveal the increase of wages and salaries within institutions that adopted NRS.
The principal result of this research is that the valuable skills have a negative and significant effect on alcohol abuse. We found that a higher professional level is consistent with a stronger negative relationship between earnings and alcohol-related behaviors and problems. The explanation of the result is proposed in that the pecuniary losses imposed on an individual by alcohol-related physical inability are positively conditioned by the valuable skills.
In Russia modernization of health information system begins. The article discusses the complex approaches to performance estimate of the total cost of ownership of healthcare informational systems in Russia. The methodology of performance evaluation of economics efficiency of healthcare informational systems, suggests an approach to the development of decision making support system. Authors gives a brief characteristics of some of the main and collateral methods of estimate efficiency of medical IT systems and certain units. The proposed model of performance evaluation based on TCO and discussed methods of complex support of such evaluation are oriented on the increase of the performance effectiveness of the healthcare informational systems and practical realization.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.