Human Rights on the Internet: Legal Frames and Technological implications
This compendium comprises articles on legal and technological issues of Internet Governance in sphere of human rights prepared by the group of legal and technical scholars of information studies of the Higher School of Economics. This compound is devoted to the workshop on ‘Human Rights on the Internet: legal frames and technological implications’ organized by the Higher School of Economics on the 7th Internet Governance Forum (Baku, Azerbaijan, 6-9 November, 2012).
The emergence of the Internet is a turning point in human history. However, being was originally conceived as a tool for communication between scientists worldwide, the Internet rapidly has turned into its own virtual world living by its own laws and rules of the game, and its own original interpretation of the concept of human rights. Being initially a scientific product of Western scholars, the Internet is continuously impacting on liberal democracies. Moreover, development of the Internet changes the essence of liberal and democratic policy pursued by the EU member states.
The rapid growth of the socio-cultural complexities of society, also triggered by the fast development of scientific thought in the XXI century, in general, and the Internet, in particular, entails a sharp increase of the social diversity. This aspect is extremely important given that it creates very serious difficulties in the integration process. Modern European society could be considered as information and knowledge society.
Finally, the rapid development of Internet in Europe - is primarily challenge of identity, entailing the destruction of national ideologies. Identity moves from ‘congenital’ to ‘situational’ category This research considers the most important issues related to the rapid development of the social media and the user-governed websites in context of structural transformation of the human rights ideology and policy of the United Europe. It is also important to look through the user agreements establishing communities in cyberspace – being important part of the implementation of human rights online.
One of the most popular types of network communities today is knowledge exchange communities (practice communities) that represent social communities, members of which are involved in collaboration and the crucialcondition here is their communication.The main components of knowledge exchange communities are the following:
- Knowledge area. As a rule, knowledge area is the ground for interaction that influences originality of thecommunity and formation of its specific features that make community members participate in collaboration and contribute intellectually in community development.
- Group of people interested in this knowledge.
- Collaboration of participants and their common theoretic and practice tasks.
In the article the concept of the electronic document to the Russian legislation, describing the legal status of an electronic document that specifies the location of the electronic document in proof system of criminal and civil procedure, the range of problems in terms of raising the evidentiary value of electronic documents and on the basis of existing international agreements and practical experience in the U.S. this area, offers ways of improving legislation to overcome this legal conflict.
The article describes technological aspects of the human rights protection at the Internet, modern problems and trends, including Web 3.0 concept.