Деловой климат в строительстве в III квартале 2012 года
М.: Издательский дом НИУ ВШЭ, 2012.
Кудряшова Н. В., Пахомова О. П.
Leading author: Г. В. Остапкович
Research target: Economics and Management (including Public Administration)ConstructionMechanics and Mechanical EngineeringEffective Natural Resource Management
Priority areas: economics
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Keywords: строительстводеловой климатиндекс предпринимательской уверенностиобобщенная конъюнктураобеспеченность заказамифизический объем работуровень загрузки производственных мощностейчисленность занятыхцены на строительные материалыцены на строительно-монтажные работыобеспеченность собственными финансовыми ресурсамифакторы, ограничивающие производственную деятельность строительных организацийприбыль
Publication based on the results of: Monitoring the Business Climate for Enterprises in the Real Sector and the Service Sector(2012)
Кечиев Л. Н., Лемешко Н. В. Технологии электромагнитной совместимости. 2010. № 2. С. 3-15.
Added: Apr 16, 2012
Новые информационные технологии. Тезисы докладов XIX международной студенческой конференции-школы-семинара
М.: МИЭМ, 2011.
Added: Apr 12, 2012
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Added: May 16, 2013
Russian Firms: Business Environment, Internal Organization and Behavior // In «Russia e Europa dell’Est: Progetti e prospettive di crescite»
Dolgopyatova T. G. Serie di Studi Scentifici. University of Verona: Polo Scientifico Diddattico «Studi sull’ impresa» and Center for International Studies, 2012. No. 1.
The paper studies recent development in organization and behavior of Russian firms against the background of economic growth, the world crisis and post-crisis recovery. The main focus of the paper is a problem of investment, including foreign direct investment as a key determinant of Russian enterprises restructuring and modernization. In the context special attention was paid to description of external economic and institutional conditions for development of Russian firms, and their internal characteristics as stock ownership, corporate governance and behavior. The paper concludes with discussions of post-crisis prospects and economic policy matters.
Added: Jun 28, 2012
Added: Jul 26, 2012
Четверик Н. П. Механизация строительства. 2012. № 7. С. 38-39.
Added: Mar 5, 2013
Бирюкова О. В. В кн.: Конкурентоспособность национальных экономик в условиях глобализации мирового хозяйства: факторы, инструменты, модели. Ростов н/Д: СКАГС, 2012. С. 26-33.
Added: Sep 28, 2012
Тихонова А. С., Демешев Б. Б. Количественный анализ в экономике. WP2. Высшая школа экономики, 2014. № 4.
The primary aim of this research is to compare diverse statistical models to predict critical financial statefor Russian private small and medium-sized companies belonging to different sectors of economy. We use the following methods: Linear Discriminant Analysis, Quadratic Discriminant Analysis, Mixture Discriminant Analysis, Logistic Regression, Probit Regression, Tree and Random Forest.Our dataset consists of approximately 1,000,000 observations from the Ruslana database and covers the period from 2011 to 2012. Instead of standard definition of default we use the notion of critical financial state which means that we add companies liquidated as a result of legal bankruptcy to those liquidated voluntary. We study four industries in detail: construction, manufacturing, real estate activities, retail and wholesale trade. Comparing industries, we come up to several compelling conclusions. On the one hand, the difference between sectors is so significant that it cannot be overcome by including several dummy variables but by estimating separate models for each industry. On the other hand, sectors are similar in several ways. Firstly, importance ranking of regressors is stable among sectors that are analysed. This results in unique optimal set of variables chosen out of six possible alternatives. To add, inclusion of non-financial characteristics improves predictive power greatly. While age of a company and federal region are the key non-financial variables, size of a company is less important, and legal form is the weakest predictor. Secondly, Random Forest outperformed other statistical approaches on all data sets. For this method area under ROC-curve (the applied comparison criterion) reaches up to 3⁄4 which is the same for all industries. This research will be of vital importance especially to banks and other credit organisations providing loans to small and medium businesses as well as to state regulators.
Added: Sep 22, 2014
Added: May 16, 2013
Макарова Л. Г. В кн.: Бухгалтерский финансовый учет. М.: Вузовский учебник , 2010. Гл. 15. С. 470-491.
Added: Jul 4, 2012
Баранов А. Ю. В кн.: Сборник лучших выпускных работ — 2011. М.: Издательский дом НИУ ВШЭ, 2012. С. 50-77.
Added: Oct 3, 2012
Баранов А. Ю., Долгопятова Т. Г. Институциональные проблемы российской экономики. WP1. НИУ ВШЭ, 2013. № WP1/2013/02.
The paper investigates innovation activities of enterprises, and the impact both of intra-firm features and external determinants of business climate on these activities in transitional economies. The main attention is focused on administrative barriers and accompanying corruption burden in the case of innovative fi rms. We use “Business Environment and Enterprise Performance Survey” (BEEPS – joint initiative of the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development and the World Bank) 2009 data base for the analysis. The binary logistic regression was implemented. Analysis revealed correlation between increase of administrative barriers and various types of innovations (product and organizational innovations, and R&D expenditures), and increase of corruption costs for product innovations.
Added: Apr 25, 2013
Гимпельсон В. Е. Проблемы рынка труда. WP3. Высшая школа экономики, 2002. № 01.
Added: Mar 26, 2013
Вишневская Н. Т. Проблемы рынка труда. WP3. Высшая школа экономики, 2005. № 03.
The paper examines the institute of minimum wage in developed and transition economies and in a number of the developing countries. First of all the institutional mechanism of minimum wage fixing is considered. One of the sections explores the dynamics of absolute and relative levels of minimum wage. The special attention is paid to the impact of the institute of minimum wage on the labour market. The author considers the mechanism of transmission of the minimum wage increases on the employment and unemployment dynamics. The paper also contains the result of the empirical research. The experience of many countries witnesses that large increases in minimum wage levels lead to the stagnation of the employ-ment, especially of the disadvantaged groups. The negative effect is larger for the companies with higher share of labour costs and more active use of unqualified labour, that is small businesses and agricultural enterprises. One of the main conclusions is that the minimum wage is not an effective tool of the poverty reduction as the majority of the recipients live in households of average and upper average income.
Added: Oct 13, 2012
Численность и состав российской бюрократии: между советской номенклатурой и госслужбой гражданского общества
Гимпельсон В. Е. Проблемы рынка труда. WP3. Высшая школа экономики, 2002. № 05.
Added: Mar 26, 2013
Экономика и управление: проблемы и перспективы развития. Сборник научных статей по итогам международной научно-практической конференции г.Волгоград 15-16 ноября 2010 г.
Ч. 1. Волгоград: Волгоградское научное издательство, 2010.
Added: Jan 18, 2013
Anisimova A. I., Muradyan P. A., Vernikov A. V. SSRN Working Paper Series. Social Science Research Network, 2011. No. 1919817.
This empirical paper adds to competition and industrial organization literature by exploring the interplay between industry structure and competitiveness on local, rather than nation-wide, markets. We use micro-level statistical data for banks in two Russian regions (Bashkortostan and Tatarstan) to estimate Herfindahl-Hirschman index, Lerner index, and Panzar-Rosse model. We estimate Panzar-Rosse model in two ways: via the widely used price-equation that accounts for scale effects and then via a revenue-equation that disregards scale effects as suggested by Bikker et al. (2009). We find both regional markets to be ruled by monopolistic competition, although estimation by revenue-equation does not reject monopoly hypothesis for Tatarstan. Existence of sizeable locally-owned and operated institutions does not necessarily lead to higher competitiveness of the given regional market, and the results from non-structural methods of estimation suggest that bank competition in Bashkortostan is stronger than in Tatarstan. Going further away from aggregated analysis we compute Lerner indices in two product segments of Tatarstan – retail and corporate loans – and find that retail segment is significantly more competitive. Local banks exert more market power in corporate loans, while federal branches – in retail loans.
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Трунин П. В., Дробышевский С. М., Евдокимова Т. В. М.: Издательский дом «Дело» РАНХиГС, 2012.
Added: Mar 26, 2013
Яковлев А. А. Общественные науки и современность. 2008. № 4. С. 21-37.
Added: Sep 22, 2012
Penikas H. I. Financial Economics. FE. Высшая школа экономики, 2012. No. 03.
The Basel Committee of Banking Supervision initiated a discussion on the most efficient practices to prevent bank managers from excessive risk-taking. This paper proposes a game-theoretical approach, describing the decision-making process by a bank manager who chooses his own level of risk and effort. If the level of risk implies the variability of the future outcome, the amount of effort applied affects the probability of a positive outcome. Although effort is unobserved for the bank’s stakeholders, the risk level is under control, and is associated with certain indicators such as capital adequacy ratio or leverage level. The risk-neutral utility function of a bank manager and a binary game outcome of gaining profit or loss for a bank are assumed. Starting from the general incentive contract scheme having the fixed and variable parts of remuneration, it is proposed that differentiating the variable part of remuneration is sufficient to motivate bank managers to make fewer risky decisions. More precisely, the variable part of remuneration (e.g. the share of the bank’s profit) needs to be higher in proportion to the higher variance of outcome for the high -risk outcome case to stimulate a bank manager to opt for lower-risk decisions in place of higher-risk situations.
Added: May 3, 2012
Уринсон Я. М. Вестник Европы. 2014. № 38-39.
Added: Feb 5, 2018
Penikas H. I., Titova Y. Financial Economics. FE. Высшая школа экономики, 2012. No. 02.
In this paper we elaborate a simple model that allows for the predicting of possible reactions from financial institutions to more stringent regulatory measures introduced by the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision (BCBS) in regard to global systemically important banks (G-SIBs). The context is framed by a 2011 BCBS document that proposes higher capital requirements for global systemically important banks. We attempt to analyze bank interactions in an oligopolistic market that is subject to demand constraints on loan amounts and additional loss absorbency requirements introduced by the regulator. We distinguish between the bank’s announced funding cost that determines both the loan amount issued and the market interest rate, and the bank’s true funding cost that has a direct impact on retained earnings. We conclude that in a two-stage game both banks will announce the highest funding cost, thus reducing the amount of loans granted (in line with the regulator’s objective), but at the expense of a higher cost of borrowing established in the market. If the game is repeated, then both banks also choose lower loan amounts in the periods prior to the last one in which the declared funding cost is the lowest possible. It should be noted that the designated outcome also coincides with the findings of the Monetary Economic Department of the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision.
Added: May 3, 2012
Added: Jun 24, 2011